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AN ATTEMPT AT A LOGICAL, LEGAL,
HISTORICAL AND ETHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE,
NORMAN MURRAY, 246 St James Street, Montreal, Canada^
The great difficulty in handling this complex problem is
the different points of view from which the extreme opponents
and defenders of Christianity take up the question.
Many on both sides take up the question as if it involved
the whole question of Religion. The fact of the matter is
that Christianity is only a Religion and a very indefinite Re-
ligion at that. The central point in Christianity is, of course, the
person, character and teachings of Jesus Christ. Some people
take up the question, ' * Was there ever such a person as Jesus
Christ?" I shall attempt to prove that there never was such
a person as the Christ of the Church — The only begotten Son
of God Who became man and was sacrificed as an atonement
for the transgression of the law of God by the human race.
That there was a certain person and that his name was Jesus
and that he was put to death may be granted for the following
reasons: (1) That a society calling itself Christian existed
shortly after the accepted date of the execution of Jesus may
be granted from the fact that early Roman historians referred
to the society called Christians and the accusations brought
against them. (2) The execution of a person, again is a fact
much more capable of proof by ordinary legal methods than
the character, teachings and motives of that person.
That we have no definite information about the character,
teachings or motives of Jesus may be proved as follows: —
(1) The four Gospels contradict each other in many places.
(2) The Apocriphal New Testament which was just las
-authoritative in the early Church as the accepted New Testa-
ment, would increase the number of contradictions. (3)
From references in the writings of the early fathers of the
Church to many other Gospels and Epistles now lost, we may
reasonably come to the conclusion that if we had them in
addition to the accepted Gospels and the Apocriphal New
Testament the contradictions would be still more numerous.
Now, to test this matter the same as any other debatable
question, let us start with the following. " axiom": — When
two or more contradictory accounts of the same events are
given it is possible for all them to be wrong, but it is impossi-
ble for all them to be correct. We have two genealogies of
Jesus in Matthew gand Luke entirely different, both as to the
number of ancestors between Jesus and David as well as an
entirely different list of names in each. Now, it is absolutely
impossible for both of these to be correct, so it is quite pos-
sible that both are wrong in whole or in part. Besides, if
Jesus had no earthly father he had no ancestors at all. It is
quite evident, therefore, that both the writers who gave an
ancestry to Jesus were not supporting the theory of the mys-
terious supernatural conception. The four Gospels give four
entirely different versions of the accusation said to have been
written by Pilate above Jesus on the cross. Authors who
were capable of making such mistakes in plain matters of fact
are naturally even more unreliable when they relate dis-
courses. In any case, if anything is at all clear about the
.teachings and character of Jesus it is that he was hostile to
.the priests and rich of his day, therefore he did not belong
in any sense whatever and does not belong now to the wealthy
so-called Christian organizations that have used his name for
so many ages for monetary and political purposes.
The chief use the Church has made of Jesus was by the
atonement theory. Now, there is no theory more repulsive to
any person with any sense of moral justice than the theory
of punishing one person for the guilt of another. While man
may be influenced by love and fear no country has ever
applied the method of punishing the innocent for the guilty in
.ordinary human laws. This is a case where Religion has no
analogy to reason and common sense.
Let us next take up the question of miracles. Thaumaturgy
is evidence against instead of being in favor of Christianity.
^Ethics do not need thaumaturgy to illustrate the value of
moral teachings. As has been well pointed out by Hume
and Paine we have no experience of such violation of the laws
of nature taking place as is recorded in the Bible but we have
any amount of experience of human falsehood, credulity and
delusion, therefore it is much more reasonable to attribute
these so-called miracle to fraud and delusion than to accept
them as facts.
Some of Hume's critics tried to make the point that the
Maker of laws could change the laws to suit the occasion
which would, in fact, make what we call miracles after all
conform to laws. John Stuart Mills answered that those
who tried to make that point must show cause why the ordin-
ary laws of nature should be abrogated, but they have so far
failed to do so.
From Jesus, let us go back to the Hebrew people. To say
Jhe least, it is rery strange that the Supreme Ruler of the
earth should take His specially chosen people out of a plentiful
and fruitful country like Egypt to clie from hunger and thirst
in the wilderness. Furthermore, as Thomas Paine has well
said, " Even if Moses did get a revelation it was only a reve-
lation to himself and only hearsay to all the rest of the world.
In any case it does not claim to be for any other people, but
the Hebrews. It is not claimed for Moses that he wished to
give a message from God to reform or to give laws to any
other people than the children of Israel.
Our knowledge of races and climates now teaches us that
the dietary and social laws of the ancient Hebrews and other
races still living in Syria and surrounding countries are not by
any means the kind of laws best suited for Northern peoples
of other races and other times.
When Orthodox people are cornered at every other point
they fall back on the beauty of monotheism and that we owe
this beautiful theory to the Jews. The fact of the matter is
that polytheism is much more suitable to a free people than
monotheism. With the monotheistic idea, people are apt to
quarrel about the nature of their God, and as the one knows
just much or as little about the nature of any being, great or
small, outside of the range of human knowledge as the other, it
is much more sensible for people to accept different names for
their different ideas about some being greater than themselves
than first to agree that there is only one God and then to start
to quarrel about the nature of that God.
Now this brings us to the disturbing question of atheism.
All orthodox people say they base their belief in God on the
Bible. Now the strange thing about this is that the Bible
does not give any scientific or philosophical reasons for believ-
ing in God or gods, like Cicero, Voltaire and Thomas Paine.
The Bible is addressed to a people who had already a belief in
God or gods.
I have read a lot of twaddle by people who call themselves
atheists, and still emphatically deny that they ever said that
there was no God. Now, the fact of the matter is that lan-
guage being mostly arbitrary sounds to express certain ideas,
always mean what the public understand by it, and no amount
of explanation on the part of these people will make the
public change the meaning they attach to the word. Ingersoll
said that an honest God was the noblest work of man. My
personal conclusion is that the Bible conception of God is the
worst type in all human experience. The watch and the
design argument is at least worth discussing, but the Hebrew
God ought to be given his passport outside of the borders of
modern civilization as soon as possible.
It is hard to say anything on the subject better than
Spencer's " Unknowable."
Just one word in parting to the atheistic crank. If you
convince your public that there is no God, there is no more
use for books on the subject, which means an end to the most
interesting of all fiction to a large portion of humanity — the
Now, let us touch on the Bible as a book of ethics. How
■can you teach the rising generation to be moral by immoral
examples ? How can you talk about the All-Wise loving God
who created man innocent and perfect and then left him at
•the mercy, of two evil disposed beings like the orthodox devil
: and a talking snake ? How do you expect to extract morals
out of the lives of Lot, Jacob, Moses, Joshua and David ? !
the ten commandments and the Psalms, I hear the horrified
orthodox say. The same man that is supposed to have given
the Commandment, Thou shalt not kill ! was a murderer him-
iself and^also ordered a wholesale slaughter.
The clergy tell those who don't know any better that
modern civilization is based on the Bible. I ask them, and
wait for an answer, ' ' How is it that heathen Greece and Rome
/legalized monogamy, while Hebrew theocracy legalized Poly-
gamy, and how was it that the old Germanic tribes, as we
learn from Caesar and Tacitus, practised chastity to a degree
unknown among ancient Hebrews and modern Christians in
the same countries under Christian teaching?
Priests! Priests! if there is a day of judgment after
death you have much to answer for. How are we ever to
forget this demoralizing superstition? (1st) by adopting
Euclid's system of " Reductio ad absurdum," and then try
to forget it, and to teach the rising generation some more
moral fables — Aesop's, for example — than this demoralizing
literature called the Bible. Let us forget Jesus if we can.
He did not accomplish anything. Let us rather study the
life of Voltaire, who helped to free his country from supersti-
tion, also the life and writings of Thomas Paine and Robert G.
Ingersoll. If Jesus said that people ought to hate father,
mother, brother and sister, wife and children to become his
disciples, it says very little for the common sense of the first
apostles ; if He did not say so, He ought to instruct His mod-
'ern disciples, if He is still in communication with them, to
Cease libelling Him. We do not know whether He said so or
not, let us be more charitable to His memory than His pro-
fessed disciples, and put that expression down as an interpola-
tion by some scheming priest, who was desirous of increasing
his own authority over an ignorant public. There are some
excellent maxims attributed to Jesus, and we have no record
that He gathered up riches from deluded mortals who are
promised rewards in another world like modern priestcraft.
If they had anything to say about man's place in any world
beyond the grave, they would do exactly as they do in this one
— keep the best places for themselves, and let the unfortunate
victims shift for themselves.
WHAT DO YOU GIVE US?
What do you offer instead of what you are taking away
from us? we are often asked. The fact of the matter' is, no
rationalist is trying to take anything away from you. He is
not^advocating the making of any laws to prevent you from
praying to or worshipping Jesus. You are the parties who
are taking something from others. You are not satisfied with
liberty to rest on the Sabath and worship Jesus ; you also make
laws to curtail the liberties of other people who do not wish
to worship Jesus. You directly and indirectly make others'
pay for a show in which they do not wish to take part. There-
fore the rationalist is justified in giving his reasons for not
.joining in your worship or paying for those who conduct the
performance. While you profess to love your enemies, you
do all the injury you can directly and indirectly to those who
^o not believe in the efficacy of your performance.
Why should any one quarrel with his neighbor for a dif-
ference of opinion about what did or did not take place two
thousand years ago, three or four thousand miles away ? Your
Beligion is full of contradictions. You ought to know that
a. man cannot be made to believe anything by tyranny and
coercion. You make a man a hypocrite by frightening him
to give a verbal consent to what you tell him to save trouble,
but you ought to know that that is not the proper way o con-
vince one of the truth of your religion. Besides, if God
loves mankind and and if He wants them to love and worship
His, can't He teach them so, the same as He makes the sun to
-shine and the rain to fall without your assistance. Can't He
give us a revelation now to suit the occasion without forcing
us by pains and penalties to believe in things that you know
no more about than we~ do. In fact, you don't know any-
thing about the matter at all — you only think you do. They
-were impressed on your mind in early youth by interested
parties, the same as a writing is made on a piece of paper or
<«! a slate, and you had no choice in the matter. (Locke.)
All well informed people know now that man lived on the
*earth more than six thousand years, that there is no reason
whatever to believe that the world was created in six days of
twenty-four hours each, that there was no universal deluge,
that the sun does not move around the earth, and that the
laws of nature were not interfered with to please Joshua or
any one else, that it is absolutely ridiculous to talk about a
man living three days in the belly of a fish in the sea. What
is the object in teaching innocent children these foolish yarns
as facts? What kind of conception have you got of an omnip-
otent being, all wise, powerful and good, who can be influ-
enced by your foolish flattery? If He is influenced by praise,
He is not unchangeable as the Catechism says He is. Then
you want to know what you can get in place of all this non-
sense 1 Let me tell you. If you really want to know some-
thing about people worth knowing something about in the
olden times in Europe and Asia, read Herodotus. His history
is a great deal more amusing, interesting and instructive than
the miscellaneous collection of pamphlets called the Bible;
read Plato, the biographer of the good and noble Socrates —
read Tacitus, there you will find more about your own ances-
tors, if you are of European origin, than you will find in the
Bible — read Caesar, Cicero, Plutarch's Lives of Illustrious
men — Homer arid Virgil, Juvenal, and a whole host of others,
that are now all translated into all modern languages. These
were the people that speculated about such interesting themes
as life beyond the grave and immortality of the soul. The
early Christians copied their ideas about these matters from
such authors as we have referred to. They certainly did not
find such ideas as they have been preaching in. either Moses or
the Hebrew Prophets. Moses and the Hebrew Prophets were
too materialistic to speculate about these things. What can an
insignificant mortal like ourselves do for you or me after we
6huffle off this mortal coil? Nothing. It is pure bluff
and a confidence game and is corrupting the human race.
Take a glance at the history of Christianity, the murder of
Hypathia, the early wars of the Athanasians and Arians
about the foolish doctrine of the Trinity in the time of the
monster Constantine, who first amalgamated Paganism and
Christianity, thereby corrupting both of them. Read the
history of the Popes, the bloody Inquisition, the war between
false Theology and Science, the martyrdom of Bruno and
Savonarola, the wars of extermination between Catholics and
Protestants, the long civil war still going on between the estab-
lished Church, Catholics and Dissenters in the British Isles;
What is responsible for the everlasting trouble in unfortunate
Ireland? Christian superstition. Now let me give you a
few choice texts out of your Holy Bible Compare them
with Aristotle's beautiful ethics — " the greatest good is happi-
ness and the means to that end an active, virtuous life."
Truth is struck out in the clash between two conflicting
Come out in the open, and fight fair.
Rationalists don't want to injure you — they fight in open
djaylight, while a great part of your work is done by con-
temptible scheming in the dark.
If anyone asks you what about the supposed miraculous
conception and resurrection of Jesus, I may say that these
points are included and disposed of under miracles. It is
pure mythology — not ethics, and not worthy of serious con-
sideration. The most serious matter about Bible teachings
in any case, is the evil influence Old Testament stories always
have, on those who read them — like dime novels and penny v
dreadfuls. In what way, please tell me, will the study of the
history of the ancient Hebrew people solve our modern social
and economic problems ? The Hebrew, since we first heard of
him, has been a disturbing element in every country that has
ever been inflicted with his unwelcome presence in any large
numbers. Yet our missionaries are now disturbing the
Chinese who have succeeded to manage their own affairs for
countless ages much better than the Hebrews ever succeeded in
CHOICE BIBLE TEXTS.
It is to be noted that, according to the etiquette of modera
so-called civilized society, several notable Bible texts are not
fit to be printed for general circulation, except by the Bible
Society. How long society will put up with this kind of
humbuggery, it is hard to say. If I had the means at my
disposal I would certainly make a test case against the Bible:
Society for circulating obscene literature. Here follows
some interesting Bible texts — look them up in your Bibles.
For the reasons given above only references to some of them
Sixth Commandment— "Thou shalt not MIL" — Ex. 20,
Wholesale slaughter of both Hebrews and heathen com-
manded.— Ex. 32, v. 27. Num. 31, v. 14 to 18
A good poser for a hard shell orthodox — 1 Chron. 21, v. 1,
and 2 Sam. 24, v. 1.
In one case God causes the mischief and in the other Satan
does it. This is one of those cases where the Prophets were
not sure whether it was the voice of the father or the voice of
the goblin that was speaking.
The character of the man after God's ojva heart is illus-
trated in the following passages: 2Sam. 12, v. 13; 1 Chron.
20, v. 3 ; 1 Sam. 27, v. 3 and 9 ; and 1 Sam. 25, v. 13 ; 1 Sam.
18, v. 27; also 2 Sam. eh. 8, v. 2 to 4. As we are told in
Kings 15, v. 5, that David did that which was right in the
sight of the Lord, save in the matter of Uriah, we may pre-
sume that all the other bad deeds were pleasing to the Lord.
Why the Lord should take such special notice of the affair of
Uriah more than other equally abominable transactions, it is
hard to say. The key to the whole business may be found in
the following two instances as recorded in Joshua 6, v. 17 and
21 and Joshua 7, v. 10-26. It was a holy act to destroy every-
thing that had a breath in Jericho except Rabah the harlot,
but because Achan put aside a lump of gold which the priests
claimed as their portion he and his family is made a bonfire of.
Gen. 30, v. 15 and 16. — And she said unto her, Is it a small
matter that thou hast taken my husband? and wouldest thou
cake away my son 's mandrakes also ? And Rachel said there-
fore he shall lie with thee to-night for thy son's mandrakes.
And Jacob came out of the field in the evening, and Leah
went out to meet him and said, Thou must come in unto me
for surely I have hired* thee with my son 's mandrakes. And
he lay with her that night.
Gen. 19, v. 31 to 36 — The story of Lot cohabiting with his
Hosea , chap. 1, v. 2 and 3 ; chap. 3, v. 2. — And the Lord
said unto Hosea, Go take unto thee a wife of whoredoms; so
he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim. Then said
the Lord unto me, Go yet, love a woman beloved of her friend,
yet an adulteress, so I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of
silver, and for an Homar of barley and an half homar of
INTERESTING BIBLE TEXTS.
Gen. 38, v. 9. Leviticus 18, v. 7. Deut. 23, v. 1. II
Kings 18, v. 27. Isaiah 36, v. 12. Hosea chap. 1, v. 2, chap.
3, v. 2. Ezekiel 4, v. 11 and 12.
Man put to death by Moses' command for gathering a few
sticks to make a fire, on the Sabbath Day. — Numberi 15, v.
War with Midian and slaughter of men, women and chil-
dren. — Numbers 31, v. 7-18.
Two different genealogies of Jesus. — Matt. 1 and Lftke 3.
Four different versions of the inscription placed above
Christ's head at the crucifixion.— Matt. 27, v. 37. Mark 15,
v. 26. Luke 23, v. 38. John 19, v. 19.
A very spiritual song. — Song of Solomon, chapter 7, v. 1,
2 and 3.
N.B. — Other select verses will be given with later issues.
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hos e who want them. — N. M.
NEWMAN ON BIBLIOLATRY.
<4 But Bibliolatry not only paralyzes the moral sense, it
also corrupts the intellect and introduces a crooked logic by
setting men to the duty of extracting absolute harmony out of
discordant material." — Newman's Phases of Faith, page JO J.
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(TO BE COMPLETED IN SIX PARTS)
A LOGICAL, LEGAL, SCIENTIFIC, PHILOSOPHICAL,
HISTORICAL AND ETHICAL
ANALYSIS OF THE CHRISTIAN SUPERSTITION.
NORMAN MURRAY, 246 St James Str-.et, Montreal, Canada.
He is not bis brother's keeper, but he got a pile of his brother's money
and is on his way to a fuiet corner on Drum mood Street, where his poorer
pothers are not likely to follow. (See page 30).
JESUS AND THE ROMANS.
A Thesis on the Hypothesis that Jesus was in league
with' the Roman Government; that his mission was to
undermine the power of the Jewish priests over the
Jewish J v'ople; that He was not aetually pnt to death
at all, but went through the form of a trial, and that
he was f.ually spirited away to parts unknown when
his mission failed.
Of ali the theories that have been propounded about
Jesus, his supposed mysterious birth, his teachings,
motive-" ana mysterious disappearance, the most plausi-
ble to me after a life study of 56 years, is that he was a
secret agent of the Roman Government. The strongest
arguneiv: in favor of this theory, is that it explains •
many difficulties that have never, been explained by any
other theory that I know of.
Celsus, the most noted of the .early philosophical op-
ponents of Christianity in the 3rd century, states that
Jesus was the son of a Roman officer, stationed in
Judea. Neither the Jewish rabble nor the priests and
scribes Lave ever been able to fathom the motives of
J*esus during his 'short campaign of three years and a
half. That he was taken to some foreign country
shortly after his birth is recorded in the Gospels. Pro-
bably he was taken to Alexandria to be educated. The
Jews ha\e been the greatest problem that any country,
that thev ever had any connection with, had to deal
with. Of all the tribes ancient and modern that we
have ever heard of, they have always been and are still
tlfce Lro.-.t superstitious, bigoted and intolerance. Like
the ev.i influences of the fabled Upas Tree wherever they
have been, under whatever name — Mosaic, Jews or
Christiars they always had the conceit that they were
a special!} chosen people. They were the only chose*
people, their God Jehovah was the only true God, and
tftey wore the ©nly people that ever got a gentrin*
divine revelation— all the others were false of course.
Thev have always been slaves to superstitution and
during all their career, with the exception of about 200
years, if we may believe their own record, they have
been dependant on some other country. The only con-
science they ever had, as a people, was a ceremonial
•conscieiici They were always very particular about the
ceremonies oi their baneful religion, but the Gentiles
never had any rights which they were bound to respect,
except when they were obliged to. The triune given* for
the birth of Jesus was the brightest era of the Roman
Kmpire The Jews were the most complex problem
they had to deal with. Other people could live peace-
ably with the conquerors when they were conquered, but
the Jews could not. Wherever there were Romaii
armies, there were, x>i course, Roman rites and ceremon-
ies. Other people could stand this without any con-
scientious difficulties, as long as they were allowed to
practice their own religion, which the Romans, as wise
Rulers, of course, never interferred with. To practice
any other religion but Judaism in Jerusalem could not
of course be tolerated by the Jewish priests and a
standing arm} was always necessary to keep them in
order. ],ik- every other religion, of course, there had
many additions been made from time to time to the
ceremonies of the Jewish religion; various new. schemes
of raisai ;.; a revenue were of course devised by the Jew-
ish priests from time to time and though the ceremonial
law was supposed to have been completed a long time
before, the vast majority of the population had only a
very vague idea of what was written in their own books.
It was very natural for the Romans to try some method
of undermining the authority of the Jewish priests. The
books of that time being all written by hand there was
no possible guarantee that any two copies of the law
would be absolutely alike. Even under a modern system
of writing in Roman characters a good scribe could not
write out more than about two sets of the Hebrew
scripturts in a year and do it right. It would be very
easy therefore for a man trained in philosophy, logic
and history as Jesus evidently had been, with a good
knowledge of the various editions of the Hebrew scrip-
tures t<> confound the priests and the scribes ,by the
Socratic method of asking questions. Jesus himself did
»ot like to answer the questions of strangers off hand.
When he did answer, it was in such a way that the
heckleis generally got the worst of it. The Roman
Government felt quite easy about the rural agitation
conducted by Jesus; all the harm caused by his agitation
was therefore felt by the priests.
Jesus, likt Moses, Mahomet and others in all ages
who had a card up their sleeve that they did not wish
the ignorant crowd to know anything about, often re-
tired to lonesome places very likely for private consul-
tation with the representatives of the Roman Govern-
ment .j On one such occasion we are told he met two
mysterious characters, which the only two of the dis-
ciples that ever saw the strangers were told were Moses
and E'lias. At the time of the capture of Jesus in a
lonely place Jesus had previously given his disciples a
hint of what was to take place, and some of them had
provided themselves with weapons of defence, but they
did not use them. Very little resistance would probably
have sent the servants of the high priest sent to» capture
Jesus back without accomplishing anything. Probably
Jesus and the Roman Government had come to the con-
clusion that all that could be done at the time to set
the common people against the priests had already been
done, and that the time had come to test the result.
The resu't was that as far as Jerusalem was concerned,
the conservative party — the party of the priests — were
still in a vast majority When the matter was put to the
test by appealing to the people whether they would pre-
fer Jesus o- Barabbas, the highway robber, released, the
crowd by a vast majority preferred the release of Barab-
bas, a thief and a murderer; and when they were asked
"What was their wish about Jesus," they shouted ^Cruci-
fy Him, Crucify Him.
Pilate played his part of the game well, and so did
Jndas and Jesus, but it was absolutely useless to try to
wean the Jews away from the baneful power of the
priests. The mock trial was accordingly gone through
with. Jesus was apparently crucified and gave up the
ghos"- but it is quite evident from the details of the
story that there was a fluke somewhere. The legs of the
other two that were crucified with Jesus were broken,
while the legs of Jesus were not. While the prosecution
was initiated by the Jewish priests, the Romans only
tad the final say in the matter. In the matter of life
and death the Roman soldiers saw to it that the instruc-
tions of their Gov e rnor were carried out. According to
the story as recorded in the Gospels, Jesus was executed
on Friday evening. The strongest point of controversy
between Jesus and the priests had been about the observ-
ance of the Sabbath. Nothing can be done in the way
of freeing the masses from the power of the priests as
long as the people continue to devote a certain day sa-
cred to sloth, as Juvenal, the famous Roman Satirist,
accuses the Jews of doing. It is quite evident if the
story as told in the Gospel is relied on, that the disciples
and relatives of Jesus did not go near the tomb at all
during the Sabbath day. The Roman soldiers could stay
at home that day, or they could carry out any arrange-
ments that they had previously concocted to get Jesus
•away at once and for all from the Jewish people. Jesus
had not succeeded in weakening the hold of the Sabbath
superstitions on the Jewish people. If they Jiad\watched
all the tune, they could possibly have got more definite
information about what had become of their Lord and
Master, as the few disciples called Him. The Sabbath
superstition, however, had then a stronger hold on even
the disciples and friends of Jesus, than their anxiety to
know what had become of Him. After waiting a day
and a half, however, before going to pay their respects to
Jesus, he was not to be found — they never saw him any
more, and it served them right. They should have gone
to see early next morning whether Jesus was really dead
or alive. He had probably bv this time been on his way
to Rome in a closed carriage. The Romans kept their
secret well. It is easy for Gentiles to keep secrets from
Jews and for Jews to keep secrets from Gentiles; .as the
Jew would not eat with the Gentiles when he could get
any Jev to eat with, and in Jerusalem, of course, that
was an easy matter.
It wil! likeiy be objected that it would be contrary to
the 'subiimt character of Jesus, to work such a stupend-
ous deception. The fact of the matter is, that the ex-
periment could only have been carried on by a man pos-
sessed by the strongest possible philanthropic motives.
What higher motives can a man have, than to try to
save his countrymen from the baneful influences of a deep
rooted supei^tition. If any reliance is to be placed on
the Gospel stories, he tried to win the people away from
Moses and his craft v priests to an entirely new philoso-
phy, at least so far as the Jews were concerned. Tht
priests were troubled by the Roman yoke, not because
the people paid taxes to the Roman Government but be-
cause th»; Roman Government in their midst prevented
them from putting to death, according to their law, any
one who violated the Mosaic law. This is the secret of
the everlasting hankering of the Jews, as exhibited! in the
recent Zionist movement, for a state of their own where
they can eniorce* the Mosaic laws by means of the death
penalty for non-conformitv. Through the whole story
of Jesus in the Gospels, there is nothing to be found that
shows any hostility on his part to the Roman Govern-
ment. When he is asked his opinion about paying tribute
to Caesar, he makes the astounding statement that all
the coins bearing % Caesa.r's likeness belong to Caesar. This
theory vculdMiot leave much money for the priests. That
he felt deeply for the Jews, may be gathered from the
fact thc«t he is said to have wept bitterly one day when
looking at Jerusalem and told the people that the day
would corrx when not a stone would be left on another.
That the Jews should have been dragooned to a super-
stitious reverence and observance of the Mosiac lawjs is
riot so strange as that so many people to-day iseem to
have so much reverence for a literature and folk lore be-
longing- to another race and age which is of no practical
value whatsoever, either as history, science or ethics.
Let us leave the Jews serenely alone to their own de-
vices, as long as they do not meddle with us. We can-
not solv their problem. Persecution certainly does not
tend to human brotherhood. The Jews will never get
what they are praying for — supremacy over the rest of
the human race. The human race fortunately is too
large a quantiey to bring under any one system of gov-
ernment or religion. This baneful Semitic folk-lore, whe-
ther called Judaism, Christianity or Mohammetanis'tti,
will die a natural death some day, but it will not come
in our tiiref There is not much use discussing what use
it may have been in the past. The question for us to
settle is "What use is it now?" The question for us to
always be with us. We cannot alter the past and coming
generations will make laws for themselves. Let us get
freedom from the rule of the dead. Above all let us get
rid of Semitic superstition. Let us do our duty in our
own day. Let good and wise men put their heads to-
gether and compose a new book of Ethics and "mortal
stories." The old Testament stories are not edifying to
us., The family life of the old Hebrew or modern Turks
is not the ideal life for northern people. There will be
no real happiness in northern countries, peopled by Teu-
tonic or Celtic peoples, where polygamy exists. No good
woman of our race will share her husband's love with
another woman, and no decent man will expect her to.
The woman has as much right to demand faithfulness in
this respect from man, as the man has from the woman.
Free love is only another name for prostitution. Divorce
is unjust to the children to whom the justice due by their
parents is more important than granting quarrelsome
men and women legal sanction to make new choices. Let
them look well in advance — there is no law to prevent
those who wish to separate peaceably from doing so if
they wish. But divorce legally and re-marriage legally
while either of the parents still live, is only creating
trouble for society. Good men and good women are ex-
pected to put up with some inconvenience for each others
Of course- it is impossible at this distance of time to
speak definitely about Jesus and his motives, but the
teachings attributed to him now have not the remotest
connection in the world with modern Christianity.
When I was a boy the theory taught in church and
school was that Jesus renounced heavenly glory and be-
came a poor man to be able to sympathize and show
an example to mankind. The natural inference from this
theory would be, that 'his professed followers would do
likewise. Then the Pope and the Archbishop of Canter-
bury would have to renounce their grandeur to be like
their Lord and Master. The only one in modern times
who made any attempt to follow that example was Tol-
stoy — but no others have so far followed his example.
Then as to turning their cheek and loving their ene-
mies, the testimony of history has been that the prof-
fessed followers of Jesus have been the most relentless
tyrants in the world's history. In any case whether, my
theory is correct or not, one thing quite certain is that
Jesus failed to get the Jews to follow him in any
large number, those of them who did follow him had
comparatively little influence over the Jewish people.
He did not fill the bill, as the Messiah they were looking
for. They were looking for a Napoleon to conquer tke
Romans and make them a great nation. This has al-
ways been their ambition in which they have never sue-
ceeded, ami for my part I don't see any likefihood ol
their ever succeeding. It would not be a good thing for
the world to give them any more power or influence
than they have now. The sum total of their influence on.
humanity has been like a frost on the early crops.
Now if there is one fact clearer than another in his-
tory it is that no nation can be truly great which tries
to force uniformity of religion on all the people. Only a
small portion of mankind ever did or is ever likely
think alike. No nation becomes great that commences
to lay down the rule of religious conformities. This
delusion as pointed out so ably by the famous Volney,.
has been the cause of the downfall of most of the great
empires of antiquity. The empires that were most
successful were such only under a system of polytheism
where every one was allowed to worship any God he
choose, or n<> God at all. Of all the people of this
world of which we have any record, the Jews have
always been and are still the most stupid and
fanatical . No people has ever so tenaciously con-
tinued to worship the creation of their own imagination
which they call Jehovah. If the Supreme Ruler of the
universe had chosen them as they, claim, surely it is the
simplest of all logical reasoning that he could have ful-
filled his promise to make them a great nation. A great
nation they never have been, and a great nation, it is
safe to prophesy, they never shall be. They are now
abaut""one-half per cent, of the human race, scattered all
over the face of the globe, still they will not assimilate
with other races. The greatest wonder in connection
with this delusion, however, is that the great nations of
Europe and America still accept the collection of discor-
dant pamphlets called the Bible as the greatest book
in the world. The fight for the total regulation of this
book with other myths of the ancient world is only com-
mencing. It is the duty of all noble minded men who
love their kind to work for the. abolition of this extra-
ordinarv delusion from the world of thought. The his-
tory of this book is the history of the greatest delusion
that ever afflicted the human race.
ONLY, BUT THERE ARE OTHERS.
The root evil of Judaism and Christianity may be ex-
pressed in one word of four letters — Only. The disting-
uishing feature of Judaism and Christianity has always
been and still continues to be the baneful delusion that
"they only worship the only true God, and that their Bi-
ble was the only revealed word of God, the only revela-
tion from God to mankind, the only rule of faith and
conduct, the only star in the firmament. The best thing
in the Koran is the repudiation of this word only. Ma-
homet did not claim to be the only prophet of God,
nor his revelations to be the only revelation from God
he acknowledged that there were others.
Just fancy the look of contempt and disdain that So-
crates, Aristotle, Cicero, Marcus Aurelius and the great
and good Julian whom the Christians called an apostate,
at a bigoted ignorant Hebrew, or an equally bigoted
and ignorant Christian presuming to tell men so much
superior to themselves in wisdom and virtue that they
-were the only ones that had the\true religion. The same
profound presumption is propagated by modern Chris-
tian missionaries in the faces of the sages of China, Ja-
pan, India and Egypt. The : ignorant Salvation Army
spouter puts on the same loftv air among modem sci-
entists and philosophers.
There ca'/i never be peace in the world till these ig-
norant fanatics are taught their proper place. Of- course
this cannot be done by persecuting them. Coercion will
never cure lunatics or fanatics. Let them have their
play, but they must not rule over others, but we must
have th? right to laugh at them, which is the right that
I for one intend to exercise on all proper occasions.
THE RELIGION FOR' OUR DAY.
A great deal has been written about the religions of
the past, and some who might be more profitably -em-
ployed discuss learnedly "The Religion of the Future."
It is much more important, however, to outline a good
working religion for the present than to waste too much
time about the past or in prophesying about the future.
The present is enough for us. Our forefathers have left
all the so-called civilized nations of the world heavily in
debt. The interest that all the countries of Europe and
America have to pay on the national debts are enorm-
ous. The cast iron confessions of faith they have made
for themselves . and their children should be cast into th«
scrap iron heaps. On account of their intense ignorance
they were easily hypnotized by scheming parasites who
would much rather pray (which generally means preying)
than work. Though they knew much less than we about
how to produce the most goods with the least labor,
they seemed to have much more leisure than we have,
because their wants were fewer and they lived a much
simpler liic. We can learn much from their experiences,
provided w^ study them carefully and make ourselves the
judges. One great mistake that our ancestors in parti-
cular made, was to accept the history of the Jews at
their own valuation. The Fagan historians of Rome
were much wiser in this respect than our immediate an-
cestors. Th j contemporaries of the Jews or Israelites of
three thousand years ago knew as much about them as
we know ol the Jews of the present day. We have been
for a long time saddling the wrong horse. We have
swallowed quite innocently the abuse of the Egyptians,
Canaanites, 1'hilistines, Babylonians, etc., etc., contained
in Hebrew folk-lore. A careful critical analysis of that
folk lore itself will easily demonstrate that the heathen*
were always by far the more superior people — Doldwin
Smith, Huxley and Arnold all to the contrary notwith-
standing. My particular objection to the Bible is, not
so much on, account of the miracles or the dogmatic the-
ology contained in it, but that a brutal, selfish, fanati-
cal, superstitious people have always been put up on a
pedestal for us to look up to in admiration, which I, for
one, do not propose to do, neither do I propose to apo-
logize to any one for proclaiming whenever I get oc-
casion that my own ancestors were in every respect far
superior to the ancient Hebrews or modern Jews in all
respects whatosever. Therefore the first thing to do, to
cut out ol our life, the pernicious influences of Hebrew
folk lore, is to try to relegate it entirely to» oblivion —
root and branch. This is not a very easy tajk, but
what was done once can be done again.; Till recent years
when the education of the masses became popular, they
practically knew nothing about this literature of which
a large portion is absolutely abominable. I ask them
and wait fo»* an answer — how anything that would now
be considered vile, vulgar, obscene, untruthful, etc., etc.,
in amy other literature can be classified as lofty, inspirr
ing, edifying and the word of God when found in a book
oi ancient Hebrew literature.
THE GOOD CHRISTIANS.
Another popular argument is, that as so many good
people believe in Christianity, therefore it must be true.
If all the people called Christians were good, and all
other people were bad, this argument would have some
value, but such has never been the case. We know that
many good people are easily imposed on, which is just
the more reason why they should be told that such is
the case. This is a fight against delusions and not
against the deluded.
THE BETTER WAY.
There is an old and true proverb which says: "Take the
clean water in before you throw out all the dirty 1 wa-
ter." One weak point in much that goes under the name
of modern free thought, is that very little effort is made
to teach a systematic code of ethics. This system is
worse than useless. Many gems may 'be found scattered
here an^ there through the Bible among which there is
bad, foolish and useless. My contention is that a good
book of moral philosophy should be all good, and not
good and bad mixed together. I propose in this series
to give a few gems from Confucius, and the great Stoic
philosophers. The west can learn a great deal more
from Comuuus than the disciples of Confucius can learn
out of the Christian Bible.
Thus, \i we assent to Comte's famous law of the Three
States, Confucianism really represents a more advanced
stage of civilization than Biblical Christianity.
Knowing that personal example is the most effective
way in whick a father can teach his sons what is rigkt,
he unhestitatingly attributed the same powerful influence
to the personal conduct of the sovereign, and went so
far as to declare that if the ruler was personally up-
right, his subjects would do their duty unbidden, if he
was not upright, they would not obey, whatever his
Though often disheartened by the long and bitter
struggle Against adverse circumstances, and the powers
of e v il> he (Confucius J never gave over in disgust. There-
in lay his greatness.
True virtue rarely goes with artful speech and insinu-
ating looks. At home a young man should show the
qualities of a son; abroad, those of a younger brother.
He should be circumspect but truthful. He should have
charity in his heart for all men, but associate only
with the virtuous. After thus regulating his conduct,
his surplus energy should be devoted to literary cul-
Tze Km is, inquired about the higher type of man, The
Master replied: The higher type of man is one who acts
before he speaks and professes only what he practices.
The Master said: The higher type of man is catholic in
his sympathy and free from party bias; the lower type
of man is biased and unsympathetic.
It is the spirit of charity which makes a locality good
to dwell h:. He who selects a neighborhood without re-
gard to this quality cannot be considered wise.
Only he who hath the spirit of goodness within him
is really able to love or to hate.
The nobler sort of man and his progress through the
world has neither narrow predilections nor obstinate an-
tipathies. What he follows is the line of duty.
The r.cbler sort of man is proficient in the know-
ledge of his duty; the inferior man is proficient only in
The wis? man will be slow to speak but quick to act.
The Master said: When the solid outweighs the orna-
mental we have boorishness; when the ornamental out-
weighs the solid we have superficial smartness. Only
from a proper blending of the two will the higher type
of man emerge.
Better than one who knows what is right is one who
is fond of what is right; a»d better than one who is fond
of what is right is one who delights in what is right.
Fan Chih asked in what wisdom consisted. The Mas-
ter saio: Make righteousness in human affairs your aim,
treat all supernatural beings with respect, but keep
aloof fr in them — then you may be called wise.; Asked
about moral virtue, he replied: The virtuous man thinks
of the difficult thing first, and makes material advantage
only as secondary consideration. This may be said to
constitute moral virtue.
THE MONTREAL Y. M. .C A.
The Y. M. C. A., like all other Christian institutions, re-
sent criticism. I have belonged to this Institution at
one time. I found it beneficial to me as long as I believ-
ed in some form of Christianity. The Y.M.C.A. may
still be useful to young men who believe in Christianity,
if conducted properly. I certainlv would prefer to siee
young or old men spending their leisure time round a
Y. M. C. A. building -or. even a Church than round a
saloon. The saloon is evil and only evil and that con-
continuallv and it has no redeeming feature whatever. I
believe therefore that the removj.1 of the Y. M. C. A. to
a backwaid street like Drummond St. was a big mistake
which materially lessens its usefulness. I believe 'more-
over collecting $300,000 a couple of years ago from a
generous public and then selling the building situated on
an excellent site to attract the public was somewhat of
the nature of a fake. If it is to be a private club for the
sons of the wealthier classes of the community, let it be
so, but let it not pose as an institution with altrustic
THE HERALD DISASTER.
The worst disaster in the history of Montreal took
place on Monday, June nth, 1910, shortly before noon,
when a water tank weighing about 12,000 gallons of
water fell through five (5) stories to the basement set-
ting the building on fire which resulted in a loss of thirty
two lives. Now I am not going to attach a blame for this
awful calamity to anyone in particular. There are, how-
ever, lessons to be learned from it that it might be weft
for anyone who has anything to do with Montreal
buildings U, take into serious consideration. Montreal
in general is very unfortunate in one thing; it has very
bad foundations for heavy buildibgs, especially on the
levels. Many of the old buildings are built on piles and
some of them have since been used for purposes for
which the}- were not originally intended. Under such
conditions it would seem like courting disaeter to put a
12, ocx) gallon water tank on the top of a 12 inch brick
wall 5 stories high in a building where heavy presses
were in motion. Kt would appear to me, though I do
not profess to be an engineer, that four feet would not
be an inch too much thickness for a brick wall that was
intended to support a 12,000 gallon water tank even if
the foundation was on a rock, not to speak of founda-
tions like St. James and Craig streets.
There has been bungling in connection with the recov-
ery of the bodies which shows bad civic management.
It took eight days to find the remains of some of the
unfortunate victims. The first two days after the catas-
trophe onlv d comparatively small gang of firemen and
policemen were employed in the work of finding the
remains. Com'mon sense would teach ordinary people
that such is not the work for which firemen and police-
men are engaged. There should have been a large gang
of builders' laborers under the guidance of a building
contractor to do such work. There should be some pro-
vision made against such bungling in future*
A fern of the Great Rasters
SINAI AND OLYMPUS.
BY A TEXAS PAGAN. 73 Illustration!.
This author has the four best qualifications to analyze
Semitic superstition : a thorough knowledge of Pagan
and Semitic folk-lore, a strong sense of humor, and
Price SO cents ; Postage, cents.
YOLNEY'S RUINS OF EMPIRES.
Showing how all the Great Empires of antiquity
iiave been ruined by superstition and priestcraft.
Price 50c, postage 5c ; Cloth $I.OO postpaid
THE MARTYRDOM OF MAN.
Showing how humanity has been mart) red since the
beginning of human history by priestcraft and j uperstt-
Price, Cloth $1.00; postage, 10c
PAGANISM AND CHRISTIANITY,
By J. A. FARRAR.
With a master'^ hand this author shows the superi-
ority of Pagan Philosophy to Hebrew and Christian
Superstitions. This is a new work.
Price 25 cents postpaid
246 St, James Street, Montreal, Canada.
(To be Completed in 6 Parts for 25c* but may be Continued
Indefinitely and Enlarged Afterwards.)
A PHILOSOPHICAL DICTIONARY OF THEOLO-
GICAL and PHILOSOPHICAL TERMS.
NORMAN MURRAY, 246 St. James Street, Montreal, Canada.
Frenh Revolution 123 (1912)
Note — If this pamphlet meets with fair success, it will be published
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The higher type of morality, based on human nature
without any reference to fake revelations, taught by the
Father of Philosophy. Aristole over 300 years B.C.
Price 40c. postpaid.
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A STOIC'S BIBLICAL THEOLOGICAL AND
This is an age of transition; old ideas are being discarded
and new ones are coming to th8 front in such numbers as to
cause unbounded confusion. The unchurched are a higedly,
pigedly confused mass of so-called freethinkers, rationalists,
atheists, socialists, evolutionists, anarchists, and new theo-
logists. The Churches are also in a confused state. The
Bible and Jesus form their rallying points, but there are so
many theories about the Bible and Jesus as there are hairs
on a dog's back.
As a humble represertative of the great school of Stoio
Philosophy, I am trying to attack the Bible and Christianity
on moral grounds.
I attach no importance whatever to the evolution theory,
and I absolutely repudiate atheism as being a mere foolish
bravado, but it would be waste of time to discuss with many
people, particulary those who have the atheistic, evolution-
ist, anarchistic or socialistic bee in their bonnets. Men
whose minds are occupied with one idea are practically o^
little importance in a world of thought.
It is a good thing to believe in a God provided you have
a good God, but belief in a bad God is the worst calamity
that can befall humanity . It is also a good thing to have a
religion providing you have a good religion, but a bad religion
is a had thing for the individual and for a nation.
I maintain that many of the ideas about God contained in
the book called the Bible are the most ridiculous to be found
in any book of Folklore ancient or modern.
Very few people have such good memories as to be able
to refer offhand to the passages they wish to refer to. I
herefore offer this concordance as a ready reference to the
f passages in the Bible most useful for conducting a ration-
alistic anti-biblical campaign preparatory to the introduction
of the more superior system of ethics taught by Confucius,
the Ancient Stoics and the modern Philosophers of the
positive, pragmatic and utilitarian schools.
Montreal, February 3rd, 1912, or French Revolution 12 3.
ABRAHAM — The father of the faithful, and a personal
friend of the Hebrew God. II. Chrs. 20, V. 7. Is. 41 V. 8.
James 2, V. 23. Marries his own half sister. Gen. 20 V.
12. Takes Hagar for a concubine with his wife ; Sarah's
consent, Gen. 16, V. 1. Loans his wife for immoral pur.
poses, Gen. 12, V, 13,15, Gen. 20, V. 1-2. Sends Hagar,
his concubine, and his son by her adrift in the wilderness
with only a bottle of water, Gen 21, V. 14.
ACIIAN — When every man, woman and child, and even
the animals in Jericho were all slaughtered by Joshua at
the command of God — except Rahab the harlot, Achan saw
some old clothes and some silver and gold lying about with,
out an owner. For thus appropriating what the priests
claimed belonged exclusively to them, he and his sons and
his daughters and his cattle and even his tent were made a
bonfire of, as a warning to all the people in future to give
all the gold and silver found in captured cities to the priests.
Joshua 7, V. 19-25.
ADULTERY — A popular amusement with Bible Saints.,
Abraham with Hagar with Sarah's consent, Gen. 16, V. 1-4.
Jacob with his two wives, who by the way, were sisters,
and his two maid servants. Cen Z0, V. 1-22. Judah with
daughter-in-law, Gen 38 — read the whole chapter — it is
more spicy than Maria Monk, the Police Gazette or Byron's
suppressed poem, "Forbidden Fruit," or anything that ever
appeared in "Murray's Broadsides or Eye openers." Lot
and his daughters, Gen. 19, V. 30-37. Samson and the
harlot, Judges, Chap. 16. David and Uriah's wife, 11 Sam.
V. 2-6. Both Abraham and Isaac were willing to sell the
virtue of their wives to save themselves from harm, Gen. 12,
V. 10-20, and Chap. 26, V. 7.
AMALEKITES — Were an ancient people widely spread
throughout the country, lying on the south and east of
Palestine, often mentioned in the Jewish Scriptures and
celebrated also in Arabian Tradition. Gen. 36, V. 16. 17, V.
8-13. Ex. 17, V. 16. Deut. 25, V. 17. Judges 7, V. 12.
1 Sam. 14, V. 48, also 15 V. 8, 27, V. 9, 30 V. 17. The
Fakir Samuel, who is described in the Bible as one of the
Prophets of. Israel, wishing to pick up a quarrel with
Saul, told him to go and utterly destroy Amelek, men,
women and children, under the pretence that they had not
given the proper hospitality to the children of Israel when
they passed by their country on their way from Egypt 400
years previously. The Fakir Samuel not satisfied with the
warlike methods of Saul, with his own hands murdered
Agag the King of Amalek, who had been taken prisoner by
Saul, 1 Sam. 16, V. 33.
ARKS — There are three kinds of Arks mentioned in the
Bible, viz., Noah's Ark, the Ark in which Moses is supposed
to have been placed on the River Nile, and the Ark in which
some of the Symbols of the religion of the Hebrews were
supposed to have been preserved. What became of this
latter Ark — if it ever existed — no one knows. Gen. 6, V.
14-15, etc. 1 Peter 3, V. 20, Hed. 11, V. 7. Ex. 2, V. 3.
25 V. 10, 37 V. 1. Josh. 3, V. 15. 4 V. 11. 6 V. 11. Cap-
tured by the Philistiues, 1 Sam. 4 V. 5. 1 Sam. Chap. 6.
2 Sam. 6, V. 15-24. 1 Chron. 13, V. 15-16. 1 King's 8,
V, 3. 2 Chron! Chap. 5.
ASS — See Balaam and his talking ass, also the account
of Jesus and His Historical attempt to capture Jerusalem
mounted on an ass, Matt. 21, John 12, V. 14, etc.
ATHEISM AND ATHEIST— Are terms often applied
by the Priests to those who do not swallow their concep-
tion, of a God, and too often unfortunately, foolishly accept-
ed by some people who ought to have more common sense.
God is simply a term meaning some power superior to man.
There is scarcely anyone so presumptious as to say there
are no beings superior to man that may be in some myster-
ious manner behind the visible phenomenon. That the
Bible conception of God is ridiculous is not a sufficient
reason for any sensible person to call himself an atheist.
With all due respect to some excellent people who defend
atheism I absolutely refuse to accept atheism as an ally to
the philosophical rationalist movement as I understand it.
Let such people defend themselves, it is no part of my
business to do so, unless efforts are being made to inflict
corporal punishment on them, in such cases I would take
the ground that all the Gods should look after their own
honor and defend themselves, aud it is no part of my busi-
ness to defend them. I think what we need is a new God
or Goddess to suit modern ideas instead of the Jehovah of
the Jews, something after the type of Nemessis of the
Greeks. Moreover, the present public excitement is not
about whether there is or there is not a God, but whether
we shall continue to worship the God of Abraham, Isaac
and Jacob, and Him only as the only true and living God,
which I for one absolutely refuse to do any longer.
ATONEMENT— The root evil of all forms of priestcraft,
is based particularly by Christians, on Eom. 3, V. 24. This
extraordinary turn given was to the death of Jesus, who
was originally looked upon as the Messiah expected by the
Jews to make them once more an independent nation. Of
all human villanies ever perpetrated nothing is more mon-
strous than the theory that the punishment of one person
should make atonement for the real or imaginary sins of
another. This is the greatest confidence game ever invent-
ed, and the greatest art of the priests for the corruption of
the human race, for the more crime the more sacrifices.
Where there is no sin there is no need of a priest, therefore
it is in the interests of the priest to corrupt the people. In
good moral rural communities where crime is practically
unknown, priests invent sins to extract fees from the people
and that was the origin of the theory of original sin.
BALAAM AND HIS EXTRAORDINARY TALKING
ASS— Num. 22, V. 28.
BIBLE — A collection of Hebrew Pamphlets of uncertain
authorship and dates, and full of self-contradictions and in-
terpolations, and practically of no value from a historical,
scientific or ethical point of View, and it is only useful as an
illustration of the credulity of the human race, and how long
it takes sometimes to discover a fraud.
BIBLIOLATRY — Not only paralyzes the moral sense, it
also corrupts the intellect and introduces a crooked logic by
setting men to the duty of extracting absolute harmony out
of discordant material. ("Newman's Phases of Faith, P. 101)
BLASPHEMY — \ sin invented by priestcraft, which
consists of passing derogatory remarks at what they call
God. As the priests, including Moses himself, have said
the most ridiculous things ever said about God, if there are
really such persons as blasphemers, they are really the chief
of them. Lev. 24, V.16. Charged against Jesus, Matt, 9,
V. 3, 26, V. 65. Mark 2, V. 7. Luke 5, V. 21. John 10,
CAIN — The first born of Adam and Eve, rejected by God
because he brought vegetables instead of meat to the Priests
for sacrifice, Gen. 4, V. 3-5. This story, like a good many
others, was invented by the priests to scare innocent deluded
mortals into giving them what they asked for.
CANAANITES — The original natives of Palestine, said in
the Bible to be devoted to extermination by Jehovah and
their land to be given to the Hebrews, Jos. Chap. 14.
CANNIBALISM IN THE BIBLE— Bzek. 5, V. 10- Lev.
26, V. 29. Lamentations 2, V. 20-21, Chap. 4, V. 10. Deut,
28, V. 53-57. Jer. 19, V. 9. 11 Kings 6, V. 28-29. John 6.
CHRIST— (See Jesus).
CHRISTIANITY— A mixture of Pagan Philosophy sifted
through an old rusty Hebrew sieve. In the process of sift-
ing the Hebrews sieve got broken, and the rusty pieces got
mixed up with the philosophy, from which it has been im-
possible to separate it ever since. The only way to reform
Christianity is to reform it entirely out of existence. It is
like the Algebraic term X in equations, an unknown quan-
tity. Sometimes a good man or woman is called a Christian,
but as the term is often applied also to the vile and vicious,
the term practically has no meaning at all.
CIRCUMCISION — Unnatural mutilation to prevent the
spread of disease caused by promiscuous sexual cohabitation
of immoral races like the Hebrews and other Semitic tribes.
COMMANDMENTS— It is claimed by the Churches
that those ten commandments are the cream of human
wisdom. In the first place I deny that man ever got any
command from any being superior to man to worship Him,
or her, or to keep any day holy, or to prevent him from
carrying an image to express his ideas.
CONTRADICTIONS— (Notable in the Bible). The con-
tradictions in the Bible in the matter of figures and differ-
ences of expressions are so numerous that a list of them
would make a large pamphlet, so I will only refer to a few
of the principal ones, for example, the two genealogies of
Jesus, Matt. 1, and Luke 3. In these two no two names
are alike, and in reference to this, the strange point is, that
a man that had no father should have had a genealogy?
Four versions of the Tablet said to have been placed above
Jesus at the crucifixion, Matt. 27, V. 37, Mark 16, V. 25,
Luke 23, V. 38, John 19, V. 19. In Chron. 21, V. 1, and
II Sam. 24, V. 1, we are told of a census being taken of the
Hebrews. In one case we are told that God tempted David
to do it, and in the other that Satan did it, but the two
accounts agree that the people were punished for what
either God or Satan tempted David to do, and in which
they had nothing to say. In the following passages we are
told that no man ever saw God, John 1, 18, 1 Tim. 6, V. 16,
John 6, V. 6, Ex. 33, V. 20. On the other hand we are told
quite the reverse in the following verses, which give detailed
accounts of where and when some people saw the same God,
whom we are told most emphatically in the passages pre-
viously quoted, no one ever saw — Eq. 24, V. 9-10, Ex. 33,
22-24, Amos 9, 1, Gen. 26, 2, Ex. 33, 11, Ex. 32. We have
a very notable contradiction in the teachings attributed to
Jesus himself. In Luke 24, V. 26, we are told that a man
must hate his father and mother, wife and children, and
even his own life, to be a disciple of Jesus, yet in 1 John,
3-15, we are told that whoever hated his brother is a mur-
derer and no murderer has eternal life. These ought to be
sufficient to shew that the Bible is not a correct book.
CRUELTY TO WOMEN, CHILDREN AND ANIMALS
IN THE BIBLE— Num. Chap. 31, Sent. 7-18. If the
fabulous ten plagues supposed to have been upon the Egyp-
tians, the animals were said to have been plagued as well
as Pharcah and his people for doing what we are told in
several passages of Scripture, their hearts were hardened
to do, so that they could not act otherwise, and to eay the
least of it, it is a strange conception of God that punishes
people for what they cannot help.
DAVID — The man after the Hebrew God's own heart, by
some he is described as the worst man in history. It is
hard to say which is the worst one, the record of Moses,
Joshua or David, judged by a modern humanitarians' con-
ception of humanity; however particulars of David's villain-
ies may be found in the following passages of Holy writ :
II Sam. 12, V. 13 ; 1 Cnron. 20, V. 3 ; 1 Sam. 18, V. 29 ;
II Sam. V. 2-4.
DEATH PENALTY FOR TRIFLING OFFENCE— In-
flicted under the law which some foolish people to-day claim
is the book from which we derive our modern ideas and
liberty. Look up all the following passages and you will
see how much liberty we would have if we were really under
the law of Moses, as no doubt many of our clergy would
bring us if they had their wav. Lev. 20, V. 6 ; Deut. 13,
V. 1-5; Deut. 13, V. 6-10; Ex. 31, V. 14-15; Num. 15,
32-65; Num. 9, V. 13! Ex. 12, V. 19; Lev. 7, V. 22-25; Ex.
30, V. 22-34; Ex. 20, V. 31-38; Lev. 17. V. 89; Lev. 17, V.
2-5; Num. 4, V. 15; Num. 4, V. 20; Ex. 28, V. 34 to the
end. Many more passages of the same character might be
given, but the above are sufficient for our purposes.
DIVORCE— Deut. 24, V. 1.
DRINK — (Strong ). Recommended in the Bible, show-
ing what an unsafe book the Bible is for a text-book for
temperance propaganda or any other moral reform. Judges
9, V. 1, Ps. 104, V. 15 ; Prov. 31, V. 6 ; Ecc. 10, V. 19 ;
Eph. 5, V. 18; 1 Tim. 5, V 23.
EASTER — A movable holiday to commemorate the
fictious story of the resurrection of Christ. It is a lunar
holiday and varies with the phases of the moon and Chris-
ELIJAH — One of the great prophets of Israel, slays the
prophets of Baal (I Kings Chap. 18, V. 38). We have
heard a good deal about Elijah's opinions about the prop-
hets of Baal. It would be still more interesting to get the
opinion of the prophets of Baal about Elijah.
ELISHA — Another of the great prophets of Israel, and
successor to Elijah." Prays God to send bears to destroy a
band of little children (II King] Chap. 2 V. 24). When
Elijah, Elisha's predecessor was last seen he was in com-
pany with Elisha. When Elisha was next S3en he had
Elijah's cloak on, and said that Elijah went up to heaven in
a chariot of fire. This to say the least sounds suspicious,
EVOLUION — A foolish theory that a great many men
that ought to have more sense bother themselv3s a great
deal about. According to this theory all living creatures
have evolved from the lowest form of life commonly called
"polly-wogs." Man they have discovered to their own
satisfaction to have evolved either from the monkey or the
monkey's brother. The curious thing about this theory is
that since the dawa of human history no monkey has ever
been known to evolve into a man.
FLOOD — (See deluge and accounts in Genesis). This
whole story is so ridiculous that any comment is superflous.
GOD — A word which expresses man's idea of some Being
superior to himself. Different races of mankind have always
had different conceptions of some beings over and above
themselves. For a long time the so-called civilized races
of Europe and America in particular have wasted a great
deal of valuable time discussing the Hebrew conception of a
God, which, like the people which invented him, is the
worst type of a God in all ancient history. Here are a few
specimens of his transactions with mankind. In Ezekiel
14, V. 9; I Kings 22, V, 20-23, and II Thess. Chap. 11, V)
11, we are told that he deceived intentionally the prophets
and others. He commands Moses to deceive Pharaoh (Ex.
Chap. 3, V. 18) and Samuel to deceive Saul (I Sam. 16, V. 2,
In Ex. 31, V. 14 we are told he rested and was refreshed,
like one of ourselves, and in Gen. Chap. 8, V. 21 we are told
that he was so much pleased with the flavor of roast beef,
that he decided not to drown the world any more, and he
put a rainbow in the sky to remind himself whenever it
rained of the promise he had made not to drown the world
HYPATHIA — The last of the great pagan philosophers
put to death by the Christian fanatics. She was murdered
by a group of fanatical Monks at the Church door in Alex-
andria in 415. For nearly a thousand years after this,
Christian superstition reigned supreme over the largest
parts of Europe, though within 200 years afterwards Ma-
homet crushed it out almost entirely in Asia and Africa.
HUMAN SACRIFICES— At one time formed part of the
Mosaic dispensation, as we see in Leviticus Chap. 27, V. 28-
29, Numbers 31, V. 28. And levy attribute unto the Lord of
the men of war which went out to battle, one soul for five
hundred, both of the persons, and of the beeves, and of the
asses, and of the sheep — take it of their half and give it
unto Eliezar the priest for a heave offering unto the Lord.
Also V. 40, the Lord's tribute of the captive women, 32
were also sacrifled to the Lord for a heave offering. Not-
withstanding no devoted thing that a man shall devote unto
the Lord shall be redeemed; none devoted which shall be
voted of man shall be redeemed, but shall surely be put to
death. (See also Abraham, Jepthah and Saul, 11 Sam. 21,
V. 1, 6, 9, 14).
IMMORTALITY— Denied in the Bible (see Eccles. Ch.
3, V. 19). The idea of immortality originated with the
heathens from which the Hebrews borrowed it.
JEHOVAH— A synonym for God.
JERUSALEM— Superstitiously called the "Holy City,"
was always a centre of superstition, fanaticism and crass
knavery of the worst kind ever known in history.
JESUS — Taught in parables that he might deceive the
people (Mark Chap. 4. V. 11-12, John 12, V. 40). See also
Christ and Christianity.
JEWS — The Jews are supposed by Tacitus, and other
ancient historians to have originally come from the Island
of Crete. The Roman authors generally classified them as
haters of the rest of the human race. Herodotus does not
mention them at all by name, but he refers to Assyrians of
Palestine, which had customs similar to the Colchians and
the Egyptians, and one time were supposed to be a remnant
of an Egyptian army that was left behind. One of the stories
told b/ Tacitus about them was that they were expelled
out of Egypt on account of some loathsome disease, pro-
pably leprosy. The sooner we forget them and cease to
bother ourselves about them, and devote the time so often
wasted in reading their foolish folk-lore, to other more
interesting history, the better for ourselves, and probably
for the Jews also. •
JERICHO — All destroyed by the Hebrews except Rahab
the harlot. (Joshua VI., Chap. VI, V. 20). You can try
your own conclusions from this story.
JONAH — Was a scolding and a wrathful prophet, who
was three days and three nights in the belly of a whale,
which not only being able to hold him any longer, vomitted
him forth, thereby showing how hard a morsel to digest a
prophet must be.
JOSHUA — The successor of Moses, and the extermin-
ator of the Cananites as the story goes, though for mysel
I don't believe the Hebrews have ever been able to get the
upper hand of aay really very strong nation (see Jericho,
Achan and Eahab.
LOT — The only just man in Sodom and the cities of the
Plains, who celebrated his deliverance from destruction by
fire and brimstone with Sodom by getting beastily drunk
the night after and cohabiting with his own two daughters
(see Genesis 19, V. 31).
MAN — The most intelligent, and also the most stupid of
all animals. He can build houses, railroads, steamboats,
paint and carve, but he also is the only aiumal that gets
drunk and employs a priest.
MIDIANITES— The people who gave hospitality to
Moses when he was a fugitive from justice after murdering
an Egpptian, and repaid their hospitality afterwards by
murdering them wholesale (see Numbers, Chap. 31).
MONOTHISM — The cause of all the religious persecu-
tions of history. When a man makes a dogma of a belief
in one God, he takes the first step in persecution, for then
he is liable to quarrel with the other man whose idea
of the only God may be different from his own.
MOSES— The ideal man of ancient Hebrews, modern
Jews and Christians. Accordfng to the Jews he was the
greatest man that ever lived. According to the Christians he
was second only to Jesus, who was both God and man.
For illustrations as to his ideas of war and law see refer-
ences at war, commandments, death penalty, etc.
MURDER— Murder commanded by the Bible God and
his unholy prophets (see Ex. Chap. 11, V. 12-27-32), Num-
bers 31, V. 7 to 10, Chap. 3», V. 52 to 55. Deut. Chap.
ll, V. 24 to 34; Chap. 3, V. 3 to 6: Chap. 2, V. 16 and 17.
Jos. 6, V. 2 to 21; Chap. 12, V. 24. 1 Sam. 15, V. 32-33.
NOAH — The only just man in the world previous to the
deluge, got drunk as soon as the flood was over.
OBSCENE PASSAGES in the Bible not fit to print in
any other book in our day except God's Holy Word (Gen. 19,
v. 30 to 38; c. 20, v. 18, c. 25, v. 26, c. 38, v. 9; Ex. 33, v. 23;
Lev. 12, v. 3: c. 15, v. 16 to 33, c. 18, v. 7; Deut. 23, v.
1, 1 2 and i3; c. 25, v. 11 and i2; I Sam. 25, v. 22; II Sam.
n, v. 2 to 3; I Kings i4, v. iO, c. 16, v. n, c 2i. II Kings,
18, v. 27; Job 40, v. 16 and i7; Songs of Solomon 7, v. i, 2
and 3; Is. 36, v. i2; Ezek. 4, v. n and i2, c. 16, v. 28 and
3-:J to 36, c. 23, v. 3; Hos. i, v. 2 and c. 3, v. 2; Eom. i, v .
26 and 27.
PAUL — The founder of the Christian plan of salvation,
who was the original propounder of the theory that Christ's
death was a sacrifice intended as an atonement for the
penalty and curse due to the human race on account of
eating that historical apple in the Garden of Eden by our
first father and mother (see Atonement.)
PHAEAOH— King of Egypt, whose heart the God of the
Hebrews had hardened so that he couldn't do what God
then wanted him to do, and then punished him for what he
could not help. You will see the whole of this story in the
beginning of Exodus. I once heard a Methodist preacher
declare that Pharaoh defeated God. I then thought that
this sounded blasphemous, but the Methodists did not seem
to see it.
PILATE — The Eoman Governor of Judea at the time of
Christ, whom he is said to have condemned to death con-
trary to the Eoman law to please the Jewish priests.
POLYGAMY — Practiced by bible saints and never con-
demned in the Old Testament (see Abraham, Jacob and
POLYTHEI^H — A system of religion much better than
Monotheism, whereas it allows everyone to worship or not
worship any God that suits the individual fancy.
POSITIVEISM— A system of ethical philosophy, which
concerns itself more with the formation of character than
discussions of origins and destinies like Christians and so-
called Scientists who call themselves Evolutionists.
PEAISrt OB FLATTEEY— Is now offered to God in-
stead of the smell of roast beef after the priests ate the
meat, to influence him to do what you wish. The idea
now is that he will be better pleased with a well trained
choir and musical instrument than with the smell of roast
beef. The cause of the change, however, is the introduction
of money, for now the priests can buy the meat to suit
himself after you provide the cash.
PEAGMATISM— A new name for old philosophy of
of practising and teaching what is useful.
PEAYEB — In prayer we praise or flatter God, and ex-
pect in return to get something we would not get unless we
PSALMS — Spiritual songs in which people sometimes
indulge in praising their God, and at other times in cursing
those they don't like (see Psa. 109).
PEIEST — A religious fakir who pretends that he is the
agent on earth representing Superior Beings living in other
worlds, and levies toll on his deluded victims instead of
waiting for his wages from his employer, as ordinary agents
PEOPHECIES — We are told that Jesus prophecied the
destruction of the world in the lifetime of some people then
living, also he prophecied for the benefit of his followers
that for-sook their legitimate callings or sold their property
to put the price in the common purse that they would bye
and bye receive ten-fold more houses and lands than they
forsook for his sake. This old world fortunately has not
yet met with the prophecied catastrophe, and history of the
early disciples, if their own accounts may be relied upon, is
that instead of houses and lands, they all ended in martyr-
dom after being chased round from pillar to post by a people
who were equally persistent in refusing to listen to their
story, as they were persistent in telling it (see Matt. 24
V. 34), etc.
PEOPHETS — Were sometimes preachers of righteousness
and denied the usefulness of sacrifice, and therefore were
not orthodox according to the Mosaic theory, (see Isa.
Chap. 1 V. 12-17,) etc.
EAHAH — A harlot, who is said to have betrayed her
country and was saved when all the rest of the people were
destroyed. Possibly the story refers to the way in which
the Jews first got possession of Jerusalem.
EAINBOW — Said to have been put in the sky by God
to remind him of his promise made to Noah after smelling
that savory smell of roast beef that he would destroy the
world no more by water.
EOBBEEY— Authorized in the Bible (Gen. Chap. 25, V.
29-34, Chap. 30, V. 30-43, Ex. Chap. 3, V. 21-22, Chap. 11
V. 2-3, Chap. 12, V. 35-36).
REFORMATION — A reactionary movement which went
back to Hebrew folklore whioh the people were forgetting
by which the clergy after freeing themselves from the
supremacy of the Pope of Rome, tormented the people
with their superstition ten times worse than they were be-
fore, ultimately ending in great civil war all over Europe,
particularly in Germany, where we are told the different
factions carried on the work of exterminating each other to
such an extent that the population of Germany was reduced
in thirty years from 30,000,000 to 12,000,000; it took Ger-
many from the time of Luther to the Franco-German war
in 1870 to recover her old place in Europe which she has
lost as a consequence of the murdering mania which fol-
lowed the reformation. It was the same sad story all over
Europe, and it was only as the people commenced to get
their eyes open to see the absurdity of all this about Jewish
folklore, and began to lose faith in the Bible that people be-
gan to come to their senses. They are carrying their work
on now in a milder way, they don't hit you with a club, or
cut your head off for not believing all the foolish stories of
the Bible, but they try in many ways to injure the wordly
prospect of those who announce their disbelief in the Jewish
RENAISSANCE — The revival of classical pagan philoso-
phy which occurred simultaneously with so-called Protes-
tant reformation. In the opinion of many great thinkers,
the influence of the renaissance for good was much greater
than that of the reformation. Indeed, Roman Catholics are
not the only people who believe that Protestant reformation
was rather a reactionary than a progressive movement.
REVELATION— This title is often given to the ravings
of Hebrew fakirs and fanatics, and attributed to God, and
in fact it is claimed that this was the only revelation that
God ever gave to man.
SABBATH LAWS— Death penalty for trifling offences
(see Num. Chap. 15, V. 32-37).
SAMUEL — One of the great prophets of Israel, murders
the captive King with his own hands, and prophecies cala-
mities to befall Saul because he acted less cruelly than the
bloody prophet would have him to. (Sam. 1, Chap. 13, V.
13, and Cnap. 15, V. 16).
1. Moses and the Prophets and Prohibition Fad, in
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2. Religion and Church, Civilization and Spiritualism,
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5. A Pagan's Confession of Faith in 39 Propositions.
6. The Ten Commandments, revised, lc.
7. The British Landlord. Why he should be abolished
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■ — Bernardrs noxt War, Page 106
With the Germans
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4<yyi> t ^ u ^
PREFACE TO PART II:
I got quite a lot of criticism about Part I. However, I
am not complaining. Though I got no notice from any local
paper without paying for it except from "Beck's Weekly"
over 1200 were disposed of in about five weeks, and by the
time the Second Part is off the press, I expect a second edition
of another 2000 of Part I will be required. There were several
mistakes in the first edition, I know, but the mistakes were
not mine. People who were educated on the other side of
the Atlantic are more particular about the use of capitals
than some who go through Canadian schools. As the matter
was mostly dictated the mistakes in capitals and spelling were
not mine, but I confess that I am not the most careful of proof
readers myself. I am half inclined to think that some mistakes
were intentional, such as putting three R's in my name, and
topics instead of "to pieces." However, it does not matter
much. There were no mistakes about the ideas intended to
be conveyed. I think I made them clear enough. Some
people were curious to know what attitude I would take about
this War. It surprised me to find any doubt about that. No
radical revolutionist that I know of outside of Germany would
look to German world supremacy for solution of modern
problems — unless some crazy socialists.
Then some people objected to the Bible quotation and
illustration on the last page. Let me tell such people once for
all that as long as they continue to distribute indiscriminately
a text-book on religion, in which I maintain there are many
texts harmful to humanity, I will continue my methods. Let
them revise their text-book if they want peace. I am a pagan,
and I discuss this War from a pagan humanitarian point of
view. I consider my philosophy better mental food than
their theology. Christianity is like "X" in Equations in
Algebra, its value is uncertain and remains to be found out.
It has too much of a Jekyll and Hyde character, the same person
is. sometimes a philanthropist, and at other times a villain.
I am like the Scotch boy that his mother sent for milk with
two pails, so that the milkman could put the milk in one pail
and the water in the other so that they could mix it themselves.
Christian theology is too mixed and confused to be of any
practical value in such a busy world as we live in to-day. We
need a philosophy of life that is all good; we have enough
badness in our own temperament already without needing
any more in a text-book that we were all told in advance to
be all good. We know better now, we know it contains some
very good matter, some very bad matter, and some indifferent
matter so let us throw out the bad matter no matter where
itjs found, and retain only the good.
"BRITANNICAE INSULAE, a term used by ancient
writers previous to Caesar for the British Isles, including
Albion (England and Scotland), and Hibernia or Ierne (Ireland),
with the smaller isles around them. Aristotle, in the beginning
of the 3d c.B.C, knew only of Albion and Ierne. Caesar,
about 54 B.C., was the first to apply the name of Britannia
to Albion. Ptolemy, in the 2d c. A.D., is the first to apply
Little Britain to Ierne or Ireland, and Great Britain to Albion
or England and Scotland. Herodotus, in the 5th. c. B.C., is
the first writer to mention Britain with any sort of definiteness,
previous Greek writers speak of Britain only in connection
with the Phoenician tin trade carried on with the Cassiterides
or Tin Isles (the Scilly Isles and Cornwall), which they often
confound with the Azores. The Phoenician trade with the
British Isles began about 1000 B.C., the Phoenicians giving
the native Britons salt, skins and bronze vessels in exchange
for tin and lead. Ptolemy enumerates 52 different Celtic or
Gaelic tribes as inhabiting Britain in his time."
NOTE: — The area of the British Isles is 120,000 square miles; of this England occupies 50,000
or a little more than one-third of the whole. Industrial conditions drew the Celtic people to
the Lowlands so that though the district called England has a larger population than the other
parts the majority of the people are not of the Anglo-Saxon or German race.
"We shall crush France so that she will never again come
across our path"
(General Bernhardt s Germany and the Next War, P. 106)
A WARNING FROM VALHALLA.
And shall Trelawney die!
Then 30,000 Cornishmen
Will know the reason why
And shall the brutal Germans
Belgium and France destroy,
Then, 800,000,000 Allies
Shall know the reason why
And our good old Uncle Sam
Will be surely standing by.
General Bernhardi, Prof. Trietschke and the whole staff of
modern German instructors, have been working industriously
for many years to mould German public opinion into a uniform
shape. According to them the Germans were the greatest
people in the world, but they were surrounded as they have
been since they appeared in history by hostile barriers. They
had no colonies to speak of, and all the places worth while on
the Globe's surface had been occupied by other races, where
German kulture and the German language had no official
standing. It was not enough for them that they could trade
freely with other people and settle among other people, they
must also have their own form of Government where they
may have a paternal Government, which other races do not
want to supervise and instruct them in everything. Liberty,
Equality, Fraternity they don't want. Self-confidence and
individuality they never possess without leaders to direct them.
The Prussian citizen is the most servile to his superior, and the
most arrogant to his subordinates of all types of character
that we know of. In other countries — particularly France,
the British Empire and Russia there are people who want
more liberty and fewer laws, while the Germans want more
guidance and despotic rule over them.
A little while before this great War started there was some
difference of opinion between the lower classes and the upper
and military classes as to the form this paternal Government
should continue to take. The workingmen were gradually
becoming inclined towards the socialistic system of Govern-
ment, by which it is proposed that the destiny of the country
shall be controlled by the working class. The military classes
on the other hand naturally wanted to keep power in their
own hands. There are some who think that the signs of the
internal troubles might have had something to do with bringing
on the War at this time so as to avoid or postpone this clash
between the classes and the masses. The German governing
classes got the extraordinary idea into their heads that the
absence of paternal government in such countries as the British
Colonies was a sign of weakness, and lack of solidarity between
the different parts of the Empire. In this as in many other
cases the German mind calculated wrongly. German rule
would be the last resort that any sane thinking man in any of
the British Colonies would think of accepting as a solution of
any colonial problems.
One of the factors of modern civilization is the cheap
newspapers and books by which propaganda is being made
that sometimes works both ways. It is extremely doubtful
if Bernhardi ever stopped to calculate the possibility of his
famous book being used as evidence against German intrigue
and conspiracy against human liberty. Not very long ago
when the inside of the Churches was utilized for preaching
theology, and the open square in front of the Churches was
used after a sermon for political speeches, people at a distance
might be taken by surprise and not be aware until the enemy
was on his way towards their gates that hostile movements
against them were premeditated against them. Things are
now entirely different. In playing draughts it is as important
to study the possible movement that your own move may
enable your opponent to make afterwards as to figure on the
first gain that you can make by your own move. In the
introduction to his book" Germany and the next War " Bernhardi
says: that the Germans are born business men more than any
other in the world. This is one of the many great delusions
that have obsessed the German mind in recent years. There
is a group of little islands not much more than two hours' sail
by a fast steamer from the nearest German seaport. The area
of the whole group is smaller than the Prussian part of Germany,
and not much more than half the area of Germany, exclusive
of the German part of Austria. After laying the foundation
of the Great Republic now called the United States of America —
which has now a population almost as large as Germany and
Austro-Hungary together, they still control and direct the
destinies of one-fourth of the human race. The headquarters
at home get more than three-fourths of their livelihood from
trade and commerce, as they do not raise more food at home
than would feed them for three months in the year. Personally
I do not consider this condition as the ideal state of society,
as I believe that every State ought to develop their own agri-
culture to its fullest extent before depending on outside sources
for their foods. However, that is another question. I am
now only combating the fallacy of our friend, Bernhardi's
method of reasoning, which has evidently led many of his
countrymen astray. We come across many individuals in
business and many nations in history whose prosperity are of
very short duration. In the former part of this study of the
Germans I have pointed out several instances of this among
the Germans. No other country in Europe has such a record
for ebbs and flows like the waves of the sea — which cannot rest.
They never seem to know when they are well off. Tacitus, the
famous Roman historian, says that one of the chief vices of
the Germans was that they were so addicted to gambling.
He said that people were known to have sold themselves as
"stakes" for gambling purposes. We will refer to this matter
again when we come to analyze Bernhardi's very interesting
Chapter on "World Power, or Downfall" — We will see after
the War, which Bernhardi worked so hard to bring about,
whether German trade will continue to be as prosperous as it
was before this wicked War was brought about. Personally,
the downfall or misfortune of any nation or individual is not
a cause for any rejoicing for me. I still believe there is room
enough on this planet for all the peoples and nations that are
on it, without destroying imaginary competitors. I would
have much preferred that Germany and the Germans would
have continued to prosper as they were doing during the last
forty years, than that they should have chosen a policy of
hostility towards so many people who had no quarrel whatever
with them till they started to pick quarrels themselves. War
at the best is only a necessary evil, and no sane man with any
humanitarian ideas will approve of war, except in self-defence.
Further on in opposition to the pacificists of his own country
he maintains that their victorious Wars had never disturbed
their business. I am not a prophet, nor a son of a prophet,
but if Bernhardi and myself will live a little while after this
wicked War is over, I think he will find that there will be a
long time before German trade and commerce will come up
again to the standard of the early part of 1914. They will
find things quite different now from what they were in 1871,
after their War with France was over. Germans were not the
only people then that considered they were quite justified in
the War of 1870. That Napoleon III, himself did not wait
to be punished by the French people in 1870, goes to prove
that even the French people themselves did not blame the
Prussians as much as their own evil-advisers for that War,
so that the trade even between them was renewed shortly
after the War. It will be quite different this time. Germany
was the aggressor on this occasion. This War was more
barbarous than any war in ancient or modern times, with the
exception of the extermination of the Canaanites by the ancient
Hebrews — if the story told about it is true, and the whole
blame lies at the door of the whole German people. The
pacificists among them at home and abroad were so few in
number that they are really a negligible quantity. I will
admit that the best work on the horrors of war called the
" Human Slaughter House" was written by a German. He
did not get much thanks from the German people, however,
for his efforts, to keep them quiet. I understand that he
lost his situation in the teaching profession as a consequence.
It has also been stated that he was again reinstated.
Bernhardi deplores the fact that his country is surrounded
by hostile rivals, and considers his countrymen only newcomers
that have for centuries only been paramount in the realm of
intellect. This is another fabrication made out of whole cloth.
The Germans are not a new people, nor an old nation renewed
and coming into a new light like the Japanese. Their race is
as old in Europe as the Celt, Slav and Latin. They have never
been paramount in the realm of intellect for any length of time.
They have never been discoverers of new countries and their
great men in the realm of intellect can be counted on the fingers
of one hand. The only great invention to their credit is the
art of printing. Copernicus the famous astronomer was a Pole.
Goethe, Lessing, Kant, Strauss and Shopenhaur were certainly
great men. The new men that some considered great, such as
Haeckel, Carl Marx and Nietzsche, I do not consider great.
The German tribes, Angles, Saxons and Jutes, that
invaded Britain at the end of the Fifth Century, brought
neither literature nor civilization with them, as the Romans
before them and the Normans after them. After nearly 600
years of bloody strife with the natives of Britain till the Nor-
mans came and took the conceit out of them, no progress
whatever was made in literature or art in the British Isles.
The place that the British Empire fills in the world to-day is
certainly not due to the German blood in the British races.
In my opinion that blood has always been the alloy in the
gold and silver. A little alloy may be useful as a mixture,
but it is not the alloy that gives the coin the value. What
has become of the native stock of what is now called England
I have never been able to find out to my satisfaction. I
suspect a great deal has happened them like what has happened
in Belgium lately — many were massacred, many went to
Armorica, some more defended themselves against great odds
in the Mountains of Wales and the West of Scotland. What
happened in Ireland we are only now beginning to find out —
after we made an impartial research in history for ourselves.
So the less we hear now of Angles, Saxons, Jutes or any other
breed of German, ancient or modern, as pioneers of civilization,
Anyone that aspires to culture and looks for ancient
models, certainly does not go to the Archives of Berlin or
Potsdam for it. He will be much more likely to get polished
up by reading the letters of Cicero, Plutarch's Lives, Carsar's
Commentaries, Seneca, Socrates, Aristotle, etc., than by reading
sketches of the doings of the followers of Attilla. A butcher
and a hangman may be useful servants in civilized communities,
but they are in a different class from our policemen, whose
presence always is supposed to make for order and good be-
We have now the whole of the Slav Races, the whole of
the Celtic Races, and such of the old German stock as we have
assimilated with our gold and silver Celt and Norman stock,
fighting the original brand near their old haunts. Their feuds
with the Belgians, history tells us, dates back to the time of
Julius Caesar, and we have no means now of knowing how
much farther back their feuds went, in unwritten history.
We do not wish to crush them so that they will never more
come across our path, as Bernhardi proposed to do with the
French; we only wish to tame them. When tamed and under
careful management they can be made very useful citizens.
Dragooned by the class of William the Mystic, a Carl Marx, a
Nietzsche, a Haeckel, a Bernhardi, or a Trietschke, they have
proved themselves a menace to civilization. Benhardi *says
further in his introduction to his extraordinary book — that
"Providence has set a future before the German people as
the greatest civilized people known in history." The Gods
save us from more samples of German kulture like what we
have experienced from the beginning of August to the end of
November, 1914 — is all that I have to say on that topic, and
that finishes my comments on Bernhardi's introduction to his
book "Germany and the next War." —
The Right and Duty to make War.
Bernhardi devotes two Chapters of his book to this topic.
Napoleon called armies in battle array "A Grand Spectacle."
For me it is an unfortunate sight. As I told a socialist friend
not very long ago: it is a good thing that everyone is not like
you and I, for if they were we would be all under the iron heel
of the Germans in a few weeks. He admitted the justice of
the remarks. I would rather work with Sir Edward Grey in
his noble and persevering efforts in doing my utmost to avoid
war than to go to the front if I were able to conquer all the
Germans alone. I could not stand the sight of the killed and
wounded and dying. It would make me sick., I would be
no use as a Doctor, as I could not use the saw to cut a man's
leg to save his life. I would make a poor bailiff, for I would
not have the heart to sell a poor man's household goods to get
back what might be owing to myself or others. I would rather
patch over my old pair of pants. I would much rather keep
animals as pets than to get a whole country with lots of game
and game-keepers and hounds to chase and kill grouse and deer.
My early experiences with such types has converted me into
a life long revolutionist of the French school — though I would
rather accomplish the same object by more humane methods
than they have unfortunately adopted for the lasting success
of the revolution which Voltaire has done so much to bring
Hunting scandal in the lives of the clergy, and prominent
laymen, as many so-called freethinkers of the tough school
seem to delight in, gives me no pleasure whatever. I would
rather help to make a little child or an old woman happy, than
have a hand in the slaughter of a thousand Germans — much as
I detest them.
If I were a millionaire I would give a pension for life to
that Montreal policeman who once refused to shoot the dogs
that were once found wandering without owners in the City.
He said he went on the Force to help to keep order in the City,
not to kill dogs. He left that job for others to do. His name
may not have got down to fame, but if his eye ever gets on
this passage he will know that his noble stand was not forgotten.
I would rather stop a dog or a man fight than encourage it.
Debate and verbal arguments conducted in a friendly way
makes for mental development, but all sorts' of compulsion
ought to be discouraged, except as a preventative to crime.
Bernhardi quotes from Goethe: "To supplant or be sup-
planted is the essence of life. The weaker succumb." I deny
all this rotten evolutionist philosophy, whether it originates
with Darwin, Haeckel or any other tough, hard-shell animal
on two legs called "man." Nearly two thousand years ago
Juvenal, the famous Roman Satirist, pointed out the rotten-
ness of this theory. Man is the only animal that preys on his
own kind, with the exception of perhaps of a hungry pack o£
wolves. I have known starving rats eat other rats but that
is not a normal state with rats. A strong man is much more
profitably employed planting potatoes and cabbages, and
herding sheep and cattle, and fishing for himself, than in
knocking down a weaker neighbour and robbing him of his
I know of course that under so-called civilization many
poor and ignorant people are indirectly robbed of the fruit of
their labor by intrigue and knavery.
Labor and activity however is as necessary for man's
health and strength as food and clothing. Many make a
big mistake in imagining that life would be more enjoyable
if they did not have to work. Many labouring people foolishly
imagine that their life is really harder in comparison to those
who live by their wits than those who live by the labor of the
hands. These people have not the faintest idea the mental
strain the clever lawyer pleading a hard case, the judge sitting
on the Bench, the parliamentarian struggling for popularity,
or the writer writing fiction for a living, or the journalist, has
to endure. Many well meaning meddlers in the affairs of the
poorer class of people do more harm than good in many cases.
Many of the poorer people if they are not in actual want or
distress, do not feel their own position at all half so hopeless
or so deplorable as the well-meaning, idle so-called social
reformers from the upper classes that visit them imagine.
They have never known the so-called comforts and modern
conveniences and nick-nacks that the more wealthy classes
of the community think so indispensable. I know for a fact
that the visits of these afternoon visitors are more annoying
than agreeable to these people. , Most people have connections
their own through the churches and other organizations, and
those of them who are altogether helpless and in need of
assistance will as a rule look out for assistance themselves
without waiting for the visits of the everlasting meddler.
THE CURSE OF EDUCATION
Our generation is cursed with "faddists" — one of the most
mischievous is the universal compulsory education faddist.
One of the many problems of modern Germany, as well as
other countries, is the compulsory education fad. A well
known authority states that while there are many idle in
Germany, as well as France, and our own countries, looking
for soft jobs as clerks, manual labor, for putting down and
taking up the crops and other very necessary labor, have been
called in from the less educated population of Russia and the
Balkans, as we have in Montreal to employ Italian labor
repairing the streets and laying down pipes, while many of
our own people with good education may be found looking
for help at the various charity institutions. Any kind of an
education that leads people to neglect their crops, their fences,
their sheep, and their cattle, is more of a curse than a blessing
to the people. I have seen the evil effects of this in my own
native Highlands and right here in Montreal. Where you
could see a crofter 60 years ago with ten head of cattle, 100
sheep and 2 horses, and oats, barley and potatoes enough
and to spare for the family, you will see now two cows, possibly
10 sheep, one horse, and you may often see the little tea-pot
at the fireside, instead of the big pot of fish or boiled beef and
barley broth of the olden times. In Montreal, very often a
woman of the old type wears herself out keeping a boarding-
house and getting into debt while running up board bills for
a lot of lazy loafers waiting for their turn to get a soft job in
the C.P.R. or G.T.R. offices, when they should have been up
at seven o'clock in the morning with a pick and shovel, as their
fathers before them started early to feed their cattle. Edu-
cation is all right, like everything else, in its place, and those
who have bright minds ought certainly to be encouraged in
every possible way, but this Utopian idea of bringing on the
millennium by dragooning all the children of the community
from the poorest to the richest to the public school is a nuisance
to the community. The world will not go on, and there will be
no civilization without rough manual labor and rough and strong
men to do it, but any kind of an education that develops a
character, when a healthy strong young man will rather starve
or run up a board bill on a poor widow, than take a pick and
shovel, is a curse and a nuisance to any community that
encourages it. School education is not an indispensable
qualification for the human race, but food and clothing and
houses are absolute necessities, and therefore the first and
most useful step in the education of the people is to teach them
to look to the soil and the sea in the first place for a living.
This fad is at the bottom of the present infernal War. Even
in Germany the country has been neglected and the people have
been drafted to the cities in thousands, to manufacture cheap
toys, and other useless and frivolous nick-nacks. With the
indemnity they squeezed out of France after the War of 1870,
they started to develop this industry with an energy worthy
of a more noble cause. This industry has been a useful source
of taxation for the German military party. I remember the
time when fathers, brothers and cousins made home toys for
the little boys and girls that were just as serviceable and useful,
and much more appreciated, because they were made for them
by loving hands, than any toys imported from Berlin. So I
hope after this War is over that mankind will learn sense and
humanity and come down to solid bottom and not be chasing
Will o' the wisps as they have been for many years past. In
my native Highlands the people have been deprived of their
own land which was made sporting preserves for hunting deer,
for sport for brutal Southern tea importers and Chinese opium
trade fiends. If some people only knew what I know they
would not be half so surprised at my revolutionary ideas as
some of them are now. It is a long lane however that has no
turning, and some people will soon find out that those who
were like voices crying in the wilderness for some years past,
had some good reasons for their propaganda. In our own
Canada there is far too much interference by other people with
our French population. When I came to Canada in 1881, some
of my first fellow-workers were French Canadians. They were
good workers and jolly good fellows to work with. I started
to learn their language. I stayed in their houses in my travels.
When they started at family prayers I would go on my knees
with them. When they said their prayers, I said my own.
They told me on several occasions that I need not mind their
prayers or take part if I did not like. I heard them say the
''Hail Mary" in their camps on Sunday, and I got used to it,
and I would be the last man in the world to deprive them of
any comforts or enjoyment they got out of it. Of course I
protested at their decorating the post-office at the Eucharistic
Congress, which obliged me to walk under Papal colors when
going to buy my stamps or post my mail. I also objected to
their blocking the streets with their processions and blocking
my way and I would do it again if the occasion arose, but as
long as they don't block my way and behave themselves as
they do when working together in the bush and on the railroad,
they can have processions as long as from here to Toronto as
long as there is a place for me to cross when they come across
my path. I would be sorry to say like Bernhardi said about
his French neighbors, that "he wished to put them where
they would never come across his path again." Anyone who
talks like that, talks like a fiend, and not like a man of any
kind — much less like a civilized man. For me, that sentence
alone would set me thinking, that a nation across any country'
border with such sentiments was a danger and menace to th
peace of Europe, and though I am not a man that can wield
the sword myself, the die is cast and I propose to make war on
these people till they learn to be civil, as the Highlanders said
about the Civil Engineers "If she don't be civil we will make
civil." When the virtue of civility was divided among the
human races, I think the German race got the smallest share
of it of any race that I know. Water will find its own level if
you let it alone. Mankind will find their own proper places
if they are not too much interfered with by the everlasting
faddists and inter-meddlers. What we need is to teach the
people — and this can be done without Bibles or Catechisms, —
to live peaceably and on friendly terms with their neighbours,
so that they will require fewer laws and lawyers, fewer jails
and jailers, fewer policemen and missionaries.
Among the many unjust, unreasonable and uncalled for
remarks of Bernhardi is that "The late King Edward introduced
a policy of isolation against Germany." The spirit of the
British people for many years has been that of absolute freedom
of commerce for all comers. Unfortunately for the Germans
they have been once too often judging other people by them-
selves. They did not know when they were well off. Jealousy
and envy originated in their own diseased brains. I sometimes
think from the way some of them talk and write, that they
must be troubled with " worms/ ' The fact that they got so
much trade in British Colonies from British people showed
that no one thought of isolating them till they suggested it
themselves. They have been swilling too much in what
Carlyle in his own characteristic way called " swine philosophy."
They could not understand the free and easy way of doing
things under British rule. If they had control they would keep
all the " swill" for themselves. This is where the shoe pinches.
They will be wiser after this War is over. There were many
periods in German history when they were a very tame people —
during the first part of the Napoleonic regime, for example.
They will be quite tame and harmless for a long time after
this War is over. They will learn a much needed lesson.
They remind me of a little boy — the pet of his grand-
mother — I knew a good many years ago. He was sitting
alongside the peat fire in the morning; it was in the winter
time. Milk was very scarce, and all the milk the good old
lady got from the only cow that had any milk was about a
tea cup, so she gave it to the boy in a bowl that was not half
full. -I was watching; he started to grumble, and was looking
at the bowl with a little milk in the bottom of it, and from
growling and grumbling he started to kick. He was a boy of
very little faith, he wouldn't believe his grandma that that
was all the milk there was, so he kept kicking till he finally
upset the bowl with all the milk that was in it. I shall never
forget the look on this little boy's face when he saw the result
of his own hoggishness. There is a good many years since,
and if he is still living he is likely to be a big man and I would
walk quite a piece to see him and remind him of this story of
which I don't believe he has any recollection, or the faintest
idea that I had made a study of it. This is what will happen
the Germans after this War is over. They were not satisfied
with the amount of milk that was already in their bowl, so
they wanted more and started kicking ; they not only are going
upset the bowl with all the milk, but they are very likely to
break the bowl itself into the bargain.
Bernhardi says that, "The acts of a state cannot be the
standard of individual morality." Why should this be so?
If a state is composed of individuals of a high moral standard,
the acts of that state will be in accordance with the character
of the individuals who compose it. It is sometimes said that
a large company or corporation has no soul. A state, cor-
poration or society, acts just in accordance with the real
character of the individuals which compose it. Sometimes
indeed, large financial interests steal a march on the people
and get the state entangled, and do things that the people
disapprove of. The opium trade pressed on China by the
British, is a case in point. The British people would never
sanction such an outrage if their opinion was asked for about
it. That it has been allowed so long without a storm of protest
showed a sleeping conscience and lack of proper leaders to
represent the real sentiment of the people. The long struggle
to keep Russia from the Mediterranean by backing up Turkey
as a buffer state between ourselves and Russia, was a wicked
policy like the wrong repression of the native Irish under the
rule of an alien race.
Bernhardi holds that the individual should willingly sacrifice
himself for the good of the state; this theory I also repudiate
most emphatically. Individuals form themselves into a state
for self -protection and co-operation. The policy of the state
should be the good of all the members. " When individuals
volunteer to fight for the state they are fighting for their own
interests, they are not fighting for the state at the sacrifice of
their own interests; they are only co-operating to do their
just share of the common duty involved on all loyal citizens.
Loyalty to the state and individual interests should go together.
In no case should one citizen be sacrificed exclusively for the
benefit of others. When a murderer is hanged, or a thief put
in jail he is suffering for his own faults, and the suffering which
the wicked have to endure naturally helps to preserve the state
In no case should the innocent suffer for the good of others.
Bernhardi says that the massacres and burnings in war
should not be considered. In civilized war noncombatants
should be safe from injury as far as any direct attack on them
is concerned. Soldiers are paid for the time they are in actual
war, and if they are wounded they ought to get a pension for
life afterwards. Those who have been dependent upon them
should be provided for if they are killed in battle. The soldier
knows he runs the risk of being killed, so does the sailor and the
Bernhardi says that "The life of the individual is valuable
only when it is consciously and actively employed for the
attainment of great ends." This is a fair specimen of German
culture. It is not culture in any sense of the word. The life
of the insane, the little child playing with toys, and the old
men and women in their dottage is as sacred in civilized com-
munities as the life of a cavalry officer and general ahd much
more valuable than the life of a mischief-maker like Bernhardi.
Nothing has ever been found in the writings of the wildest
nihilist or anarchist more dangerous to society than the ideas
inculcated by Bernhardi. No wonder anarchists are after such
people. Any government that sanctions such propaganda
among ignorant people is sure to get into trouble sooner or later.
Only ignorant people would receive such ideas without protest.
That there was no protest in Germany against the spread of
such ideas shows how low in civilization they have sunk. Their
civilization is only a gold ring in a sow's snout.
Bernhardi says, that "The German element in stilled life
into other nations." Quite true, but it is only in the sense
that war for the abolition of slavery put new life into the people
in the United States. When people live near a swamp they
have to drain it for self -protection. The German spirit in
the north of Ireland wakened the natives to the danger to their
lives and property, the aliens of Ulster were, therefore they
woke up and are all the better for it now. Good sometimes
comes out of evil as we are told in the story of Joseph, that he
saved the lives of the cruel brethren that sold him to the
Egyptians. Germans are welcome to all the glory that they
can get out of the good that came out of their oppressions of
The Highland Clearances by wicked landlords may end
in some good some day, but we cannot love the landlords
because Providence over-ruled the bad deeds for good after-
Bernhardi admits that Germany remained excluded from
the great colonizing movement of other races since she wasted
her forces in ecclesiastical disputes and religious wars. That
is exactly what happened. Any nation that commits national
suicide by Civil Wars about religion are not worthy of a place
among the colonizers of new countries. Germany will never
get a certificate of good moral character until she gets new blood
into her, she can only get new blood by her people being
scattered among more humane people. They are too much of a
menace to themselves and others to be encouraged by other
countries to build up a strong German Empire. The leopard
cannot change his spots, or the Ethiopian his skin. By nature
they are callous. It takes them too long to repent when they
do wrong. There have been troubles among all other races,
but Germany is the only country in Europe that took thirty
years to find out that they were ruining themselves by their
cruelty and folly. What would have happened to Germany
only for the interference of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
and Cardinal Richelieu of France, it is hard to say. The
Protestant north and the Catholic south were equally guilty
in this matter. From the evidence now coming to hand it
appears that the Protestant north is more wicked than the
Catholic south of Germany. We have not got all the evidence
yet. When the War is over there will be a long reckoning and
Bernhardi says that: "The greatness of the German nation
is rooted exclusively in Protestantism." Bernhardi is welcome
to all the glory that remains after the present War is over. The
greatness of the British Empire and her Allies is based on the
equal loyalty of all her citizens, Protestants, Catholics, Moham-
medans and pagans. It is strange that such a statemtnt should
go unchallenged among the German people. It is not true
that Protestants are in any sense better people than Catholics.
Their difference in religion is largely owing to difference in
racial temperament. The more emotional races to whom the
Catholic brand of Christianity appeals are much more forgiving
in their nature than the more callous, ruder races, to whom
Protestantism appeals. Ignorant people have often too much
to say in laying down the Protestant programme, while the
Catholics talk less and practice their religion more. When I
was writing against the Catholic branch I stayed with Catholic
families. I would like to hear of any anti-Protestant pro-
pagandist living in peace in an Ulster Protestant house. There
is too much Moses and Joshua and David in the Protestant
religion. There are many more beautiful emblems in the
Catholic branch — such as the mother and child — than in the
cruder forms of Protestantism.
Bernhardi deplores that both the mouth and the source
of the Rhine which he calls a German stream., are both outside
of Germany. Probably the programme before this War
started was to include the Rhine from its source to its mouth
in the boundaries of Germany. As the Rhine starts in Switzer-
land and gets to the sea in Holland, both of these countries
ought to take a hint that the fate of Belgium also awaits them
if Germany ever gets strong enough to be able to gobble them
up without interference. Germans have a blundering habit
of warning other people of their intentions in advance. Kind
nature attached a rattle to the rattle-snake.
WORLD POWER OR DOWNFALL
Bernhardi says: "We must make it quite clear to ourselves
that there can be no standing still, no being satisfied for us,
but only progress or retrogression, and that it is tantamount
to retrogression when we are contended with our present place
among the nations of Europe." That is the milk in the cocoa-
nut. This is pure unadulterated, selfish, arrogant aristocratic
ambition. Selfishness always betrays itself. No nation can
come on another like a thief in the night in these times. Ger-
many is a dangerous neighbour. The character of the German
people has more of the germ of pure cursed callousness in their
blood than any other race; shear delight in slaughter, first of
animals, then of human beings. The conduct of Germany in
Belgium during the present War will put a black mark against
the German character that can never be blotted out of history.
There is now a large proportion of a prosperous nation of seven
million people living on the charity of other nations and
Germans abroad do not seem to have the least shame about it.
Those of them who have been living in other countries at war
with their Mother country had to be rounded up fov fear that
the contagion of destruction that possessed their countrymen
at home would exhibit itself in acts of outrage on their neigh-
bors, where they have received hospitality for many years.
If any other nation had behaved in the same brutal manner,
some of their people would have acted with other people in
protesting against such inhuman conduct, yet in the United
States where they have full liberty of expression, they have
proved themselves guilty by their conduct of being equally
guilty with their countrymen at home. Their plans have been
completely exposed by their own evidence. They started to
destroy Belgium on their road to Paris, as they foolishly
imagined they were sure to get there, then after plundering
France they were going to plunder the British Isles in the
same way. And this is what is now called "German
Kulture" which is becoming a by- word of contempt among
all civilized people.
A SCRAP OF PAPER.
That Goths, Huns and Vandals
Were robbers we all know —
Now we know they're liars
Of the worst type also.
You may guard against a robber
And you may lock up a thief —
But of all kinds of villains
A liar is the chief.
Going Back to Cannibalism.
If there are any types in human history that I detest
more than Moses, Joshua and David, they are Charles Darwin,
Ernest Haeckel and Nietzsche's German idea of the Superman.
Since I discarded Christianity, various types of faddists have
been bidding for my support; such as Protectionists in trade,
Spiritualists, Anarchists, Socialists, Suffragettes, Atheists,
Monists, Evolutionists, Christian Scientists, etc., etc.
To all such I have only one answer, viz: that I did not
drop one superstition to bind • myself by another one. My
idea of the Superman is the man or woman who tries to lift
up the weak, the fallen or the unfortunate and not the one
who crushes the other in life or business.
The first article in my creed is liberty for myself and others
to work out our own salvation and the salvation of others
along these lines.
The Evolution theory is false in fact and mischeivous in
practice and we see its evil effects now in the infernal War in
Europe. The elephant does not grow to his enormous size
and strength by destroying weaker elephants. He feeds on
grass. The largest weeds are plucked out of the garden while
the smaller ones are left. Man and nations who prey on the
weaker go down in the end. The Roman Empire went down
when the people at the centre got into the habit of expecting
bread and amusements at the expense of toiling masses in
other places. The Roman Empire continued to grow while
they were making roads and developing the countries they
The strong lion does not live by preying on other weak
lions or even the weak of other animals. It fights and conquers
and eats other strong animals.
Man is the only animal that oftenest preys on his own
kind. That type of man however is not the ideal man. The
small Japanese are just as useful in the World as the big Ger-
mans. The big man is very often the laziest man in the town
Nature has provided the small man with means by which
he is the equal of the big man. The small Japanese gunner
can get around much quicker than the big German and his
smaller size enables him to dodge his head into a safe corner
more easily than the big German. Now do you see it, you
worshippers of monkeys and other low animals.
I have been studying the Germans for a number of years,
and some of them have also been studying me. The tug of
war started with the Kaiser's telegraph to Kruger, continued
through the Boer war, the Kaiser's famous interview and the
turmoil in Germany over the fact that the Emperor called
himself our friend. It is evident he was playing a double
game. He was concealing his withered hand, but they were
more blunt and transparent. German spying like many of
their other doings, is exceedingly stupid. I have been amusing
myself for the last three months watching them. I have at
last however cut off their acquaintance entirely, and if they
keep away from me I shall certainly allow others to watch
them. Their actions are now known to the whole world.
One day I was watching the bulletin at the "Star" on
St. James Street. I noticed a well built and well dressed
German in the crowd. He had an uneasy look about him.
I had one of Franco-British buttons on my coat breast at which
he took a hasty glance. He asked for the G.T.R. office. I
told him I did not know of any nearer than McGill Street.
He said he knew there was one round about as he was in it
before, but could not find it now. He had evidently been
here some time ago. Next evening I noticed him on Windsor
and Peel Street looking at all the buildings for patriotic emblems.
Next day he got on the car with me at the corner of Peel and
St. Catherine Streets and at the Post Office asked for the
Dominion Express Office. He had a diamond looking scarf
pin in his tie. I have not seen him since.
One Sunday afternoon I was sitting on Dominion Square
reading a book about Germany, when a small sized man with
a naval cap looked over my shoulder to watch what I was
reading. He started conversation, but I forget now what he
said. He walked away with another person who entered the
Windsor Hotel. He watched the two doors for some time
but the other man did not appear. Then he went to the
North side of the Square and examined all houses carefully
as if looking for a good place for to place a bomb. He then
marched through the Square and when the Salvation Army
came along he got very much interested and stood on the street
between an auto car and the Army, but at a distance from them.
He then followed the Army down St. Catherine Street to the
Barracks and stood on the street opposite watching them tlil
they entered the Hall. Then he went to Phillips Square and
studied the monument at close range from four sides. I
then lost sight of him quite suddenly.
I was sitting on Dominion Square one evening when a
strange man and woman said to me: "Good night, Sir." This
looked suspicious to me, so I got as far as the corner and
observed them both from behind and sideways, and made sure
I never saw them before to my knowledge, so I came back to
the Square. The man was carrying a small paper parcel,
evidently some literature he was circulating among pro-
Germans. They came back shortly, and the man went to
look at the Wig-Maker shop opposite, and the woman came
and sat on the same seat with me and tried to start a con-
versation to get my opinion about the War. When she failed
to draw me out she joined her companion at a distance. The
next evening the same two came along and said good-night,
as the night before, but I did not respond, and followed them
at a distance and they met a third party in the shadow of
MacDonald Monument. I told the police about it. I have
not seen them since.
One Sunday when the report of British Ships being sunk
came along I noticed a German Spy with his back to the wall
watch the effect on the crowd — with a broad smile on his face.
I started to observe him from a distance, and he evidently
noticed me as he moved several times to near where I stood.
I know the German accent well, and can tell a German
face in most cases when I see it. Another night I noticed a
German Spy at the corner where I live. When I came out for
a walk I noticed a stranger at the corner as I passed — I went
down the street a piece and went into a doorway. He passed
to the other side and went down the street opposite. He had
evidently lost track of me, though I did not lose track of him,
so I stood at the corner and allowed him to pass me and I
followed. He went up a side street till I passed, but I dodged
him again and got into a doorway before he came back. Finally
he noticed that I had spotted him — and he made tracks East.
The most extraordinary characteristic of all people of
German origin and even those who are only half German that
I know is that scarcely any of them seem to be the least re-
pentant about the atrocities of the Germans since the War
started. They are ready to defend Germany through thick
and thin. I would expect that even Germans in a free country
would be manly enough to denounce the wrong even when
done by their own countrymen — especially when they are
receiving the hospitality of a country with which they are at
War. I am almost certain that they will bring trouble on
themselves before the War is over. A large amount of pro-
German literature is being mailed by letter post from Holland
and Washington to people in the United States and Canada.
I have received some of it myself and have seen some of it
that was received by others.
These notes are in addition to my observations about
local Germans in my Pamphlet on the War already published,
and will be printed either in the second edition of this Pamphlet,
or in Part II, which I intend to publish soon. In the mean-
time I have cut off all relations with all Germans that I know,
and with whom I have done business in the past. Unless any
of them will call to see me uninvited I shall certainly not call
upon any of them for business or any other purpose, until
this War is over, and whether we shall ever renew our ac-
quaintance again is rather doubtful. I have already found
out their minds sufficiently to come to definite conclusions
about their character — which in many cases appear to me like
the frozen snake in the fable, that the kind-hearted farmer
took home to warm and as soon as it got warm it repaid his
hospitality by hissing at the family.
Books on the War, the Germans and the Allied Nations.
New York Life, published weekly 10 cents. The weekly
editorials of Life since the War commenced were the best of
all that I have read on the subject. I would like to see the
whole series published in one book. Bernhardi's " Germany and
the Next War" with brutal bluntness gives away the whole
fiendish policy of the German War Party; price 50 cents in paper
"The Human Slaughterhouse" written by a German human-
tarian before the War, described with prophetic vision the
horrors of this War; price 50 cents. "The Round Table"
(Quarterly), for September gives a comprehensive and able
resume of the causes of the War; 90 cents. "A Scrap of
Paper" by Dr. Dillon, a writer of European reputation on
European politics exposes the knavery of German diplomacy
with a master's hand; price 35 cents. "What I saw in Russia"
by Hon. M. Baring, is a masterly description of Slav character.
It is much more lovely than German character; price 35 cents.
The Villain, the Bully and the Black Sheep with the
In the first part of this series I quoted extensively from
that eminent writer on "National Characteristics/' the late
Price Collier on "Modern Germany." I have however been
studying racial characteristics, myself, for many years, and
as some of my friends said that I quoted too much from others
in the first part, I don't think they will have the same complaint
in this one, so I am going to give them the results of my own
investigations into the character of ancient and modern Ger-
mans at home and abroad — including our ancient hereditary
enemies, the Angles, Saxons and Jutes — whom after a struggle
of nearly 1400 years we have finally managed to polish and
turn out into good friends, neighbors and co-workers, including
our friend "Tommy Atkins." The effort was worth all the
trouble, for the average Englishman of to-day is a pretty good
sort of fellow, he is a great improvement on the original Saxon.
He is now credited with being the most forgiving type we have „
in the British Isles. I am told, and I have reason to believe
it to be true, that he can shake hands after a fight, even if he
is beaten, with more grace than either an Irishman, a Scotch-
man or a Welshman. We do occasionally meet with some of
them who talk as if England was the whole show, and Ireland,
Scotland and Wales were only a Celtic fringe at the back of
the map. They don't repeat this kind of talk very often to
me, because I realize that in verbal combats, as well as physical,
you have to beat the German even when he is a civilized
Englishman, in order to gain his respect. So we get along
nicely. They would be quite willing to adopt the Highlanders
and call them English, but the Highlander refuses with thanks
to become an Englishman; he is quite willing, however, to be
a partner in a great firm of John Bull, Sandy and Pat — to which
we have lately added also John Bonhomme. I have studied
the Celt, the Norseman, the Slav, the Indian and the Semite,
for many years. No subject is more interesting to me than
the study of races. All of them have good and bad qualities.
The best races of the human family at the present time are
the cross breeds of Celts and Teutons, particularly the Celts
and the Norsemen. The pure Celt and the Semite are far
too mystic and live too much in the past and too little in the
present and are inclined to extreme stages of superstitition
and quarrel too much about trifles, which was one reason that
the Germans often squeezed them out of their possessions.
The German on the other hand has a callous, cruel, tyrannical
streak in his constitution. He is not so chivalrous on the
average as the Celt, the Slav, or the Norsemen. The Red
Indian reduced his own race by fraternal, cruel strifes and so
did the German in various stages in his history.
The Slav is more humane and lovely in his relations to
his fellows and he is accordingly increasing at a great rate.
He is in no sense a menace to other races as the German and
the Semite. (The Semite is quite harmless if he would scatter
throughout the country). He is not easily provoked and when
he is provoked he is easily pacified if you appeal to his heart.
He is a worker and his wants are few. The German has a
destructive streak in his character, in all the wars of his history,
he has left a trail of destruction behind him. The destruction
of Rome by Alaric's German hordes is a notorious fact in
In the British Isles he has been an aggressor and tyrant
for many years. The natives learnt his language, but he
never learnt theirs. In Scotland he has continued to despise
the natives to the North and West of him, even down to her
own time. His hatred of the natives of Wales and Ireland is
proverbial. In Canada his antagonism to the French element
in Ontario and Manitoba is a menace to the peace and happiness
of the country. When he came to the North American Conti-
nent his feuds with the French in Canada and the native Indians
have been boorish, brutal and cruel. He kidnapped Negroes
in Africa and made them work for him for nothing. After he
involved his adopted country of Britain in war with France
and got French rule abolished in North America, then he
agitated for separation from his adopted country of Britain
and started to found another country for himself. In this
venture he was fairly successful. He managed to have Ger-
manized the country by the compulsory adoption of English
as the only official language. In the British Empire, however,
he has failed in his effort to make all the people a Saxon brand
of Germans, and he is not liable to succeed in doing so in the
future. There are too many people in the British Empire
who believe that instead of having one religion and one language
the more languages a man or an Empire has, the more the man
is a man and the stronger the Empire. He is now swamped in
the British Empire and in the American Republic by other
races and he is a great improvement in consequence on the
original stock in the great principles of liberty. The great
Republic to the South of us is now developing nicely along
humanitarian lines by the assimilation of blood and ideas from
other races. The pure German, like the pure Celtic, is an
absolute failure by himself. When the German and the Celt
and the Norseman amalgamate as they have done in France
and the British Isles and the great Republic to the South of
us, they turn out a highly civilized people, but pure unadul-
terated German kulture is pure brutality, and the less we
have of it the better.
OUR OWN SMALL POTATOES
Blood is thicker than water, and possibly being of Norman-
Celtic blood, accounts for my warm sympathy for things Celtic
and Slav in Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Russia, Canada and
France, but I must confess that we have also very small potatoes
of the Bourassa, Keir Hardie, Bernard Shaw and Sinn Fein
type. These small minded people should all be bagged up
together and dealt with by the Celtic people themselves and
not leave it to others to discipline them. These kind of people
have always been like barnacles on a great ship.
To me it is a cause of great rejoicing that the Highlanders
with their Kilts and Bagpipes that I love so dearly, though
small in numbers, have still in many instances a place of honor
in holding up the honor of our Empire. The military classes
have always been friendly to the Highlands and when the day
of repeopling the Highlands with men instead of deer will
come — as it will surely come some day — we can point with
pride to our record in the past. The same Fraser Highlanders
who fought against Wolfe at Cullodon won the Plains of
Abraham for him afterwards. There was a story told at that
time that Cumberland whose memory no Highlander loves,
no matter whether his ancestors were Jacobites or anti-Jacobites
ordered young Wolfe — who was then a young officer — to finish
a wounded Highlander, and Wolfe replied that he came to
fight and not to kill the wounded. This story has long been
current in the Highlands and the very same Highlanders who
fought against Wolfe at first, would go through fire and water
for him afterwards. Poor Flora Macdonald said when she
was done out of house and home after the War of Independence
in the States: "We fought for the Stuarts in the Highlands
and for the House of Hanover in America, and we lost in both
cases — it was hard luck, but we did our duty, as we understood
it. They never were traitors to their country, they only
differed from the other party in politics. The Island of Lewis
was anti-Jacobite, but when Prince Charles came there as a
wanderer — and they could easily have captured him and got
the reward offered for his head, no Lewis man would sell him.
They wanted no blood money, poor as they were. The larger
the Empire the more the liberty and the Celts everywhere in
Scotland, Ireland, Wales or Canada, should do their share in
the common cause, and not be shirkers or poltroons. Let
them claim all their inheritance, that is my watchword for the
Celts wherever they are. No language sounded sweeter at
Paardeburg in South Africa than the French spoken by the
French Canadians in the ranks of the Canadian Contingent.
I will always stand up for the Highlands, Celts, Irish and French
every time, but I expect them to keep up their own reputation
and not be led away by small-minded knaves, whose vision
never gets past their own village. As for me, " Little Norman"
as they called me in Lewis will do his duty while the others
are holding the reputation of their ancestors with the bayonet
fighting the Germans. It takes a good many kinds of people
to make a world. It has been said that the pen is sometimes
mightier than the sword, so whatever I can do in that line I
am going to do till this War is over and the Germans are
conquered once more.
The Soul of the Southern Slav.
In some people's minds there is still some kind of a terror
of the Russian. Now it is well for such people to remember
that as far as we know, Russia has no designs on us. They
have lots of room and undeveloped resources in their own
country and I for one do not wish to blame them for wishing
to have some seaports in warm water, where their ships can
come to harbor all the year round. I do not believe that any
one now justifies our part in the Crimean War — the object of
which was, as far as we were concerned, to hold up the un-
speakable Turk as a buffer between the sea and the Muscovite.
The Slav of all sections of Europe is an absolutely different type
from the German. We have referred to his character as
exemplified by the great Tolstoi and other similar characters
in the first part of this sketch. They no doubt have their
own problems of government to solve, as we all know that
idealists sometimes go to extremes and it is quite possible
that the treatment of Siberian Exiles have been exaggerated
and that many of those who were sent there were not exactly
the kind of people that some people imagined them to be.
However, be that as it may, we know that the Slav is not a
Poltroon who will always lie down under the abuse of those
above him, whether he is well fed or not, the same as the Ger-
mans will do, and have been doing. A remarkable sketch on
the Southern Slavs of Servia in particular has appeared in
the October number of Fortnightly Review written by Madam
Elizabeth Christith. As she well says: "Races preserve their
characteristics in defiance of the laws of environment and
evolution. The Southern Slav's predominent trait is brotherly
love. This love extends to all mankind from the Slav's point
of view. It does not end at the national boundary line like
Bernhardi's national ideas. The Balkan peasant left to himself
is inclined to treat the erring with pity and forbearance. The
man who has in a passion committed homicide is subject all
his life to such remorse that it is the principal pre-occupation
of his friends to divert his mind from his misfortune. Pre-
meditated crime is very rare. The Slav can be cruel, but it is
only through weakness, passivity or in a moment of terrible
mental excitement. Brutality and callousness are foreign to
his nature. He is not (like the Prussian) unduly harsh to his
subordinates, nor like the Prussian, unduly cringing to his
superiors. The Vendetta has never taken root among the
Southern Slav. Jew baiting is unknown among these people.
Anyone afflicted with infirmity is sure of meeting with kindness
in a Balkan village. Not for King or Fatherland, nor for the
Cross of Christ, but "For Givan! Rescue Givan" was the
cry which rescued a captured gun and comrade from the Turks.
Broad tolerance founded on indifference, or rank scepticism
prevails. Their favorite proverb is: "A brother is a brother
of whatever creed." Spirituality or religion with him is sub-
servient to humanity. Wealth has but a minor attraction to
-the Southern Slav, while to the German it is everything.
Avarice is not so prevalent a vice with them as with the Ger-
mans. The Slav races in the Balkans bordering on Austria
want to unite together and to be free from German tyranny
in Austria and who can blame them? Russia made war on
Austria because they started to ride rough shod over the
Southern Slav, as the British Empire made war on Germany
because they showed their determination to ride over in an
equal brutal manner our neighbours in France and Belgium.
Germany proper and German Austria, had the same purpose
to bully other people, Russia and ourselves have the same
purpose, which is that we are not going to stand by with folded
arms and let them do it. This is the time that the "bully"
gets a dose of his own medicine.
THE GERMAN, BRITISH AND AMERICAN MIND
(New York Life, Oct. 8th, 1914)
The interesting thing ahead when the fighting is finished
is the unscrambling of Europe. The German mind takes no
account of it. It is all for making Europe a great German
trust, capitalized high enough to give a huge profit on the
war, full of subsidiaries, and with "common" and "pre-
ferred" and the other trimmings. The German idea is to
do all that by main strength and then keep it done by main
strength. The plan has all the charms that made the argu-
ment for our big trusts — economy and efficiency of adminis-
tration, capacity to do large things on a small scale, and all
that. All the small, independent concerns of Europe would
be incorporated into the big German trust, and made fabu-
lously profitable to the owners by a perfected organization
and the extirpation of competition. No more Belgium, no
more Holland, no Switzerland, as little England as possible,
a pared-down France and a grand, gigantic Germany.
But the English — British — idea seems to be quite dif-
"We want this war to settle the map of Europe on
national lines and according to the wishes of the people who
dwell in the disputed areas.
"After all the blood that is being shed we want a natural
and harmonious settlement which liberates races, restores
the integrity of nations, subjugates no one and permits a
genuine and lasting relief from the waste and tension of
armaments under which we suffered so long."
So Winston Churchill, first Lord of the Admiralty, and
what he says is a proper sentiment for England who cannot
hope to occupy this world by her unaided force, and has
need of contented neighbors to work with. Part of the great
problem will be to devise* due possibilities of contentment
for all the Germans except the military caste, and not even
that can the Allies shirk. There will be sixty-odd million
very valuable Germans left when the war is over, and that
is far too many people to be left with punctured hopes or
without a satisfying vision of the future. Somehow matters
must be handled so that in twenty years Germans will say :
"After all, it was a good war for us. It delivered us from
militarism and Pan-Germanism and left us free to live and
work and trade in a world no longer unfriendly.
This war is an enormous process of civilization, and it
is as a process that we should look at it — a process that
came inevitably out of the preparations made for it and the
defects in the world-arrangement that preceded it. We
ought to feel confident that out of all the killing and destruc-
tion that is going on now ideas and considerations and con-
cessions will come to birth that will be worth the terrible
cost and anguish of the accouchement. There is a German
point of view that, with ail its unconscionable terrors and
brutalities and its dreadful entanglement with militarism
and the gospel of force and Prussian Junkerism, is not all
nonsense. These Germans that are being killed by regiments
ought to be carrying their civilization to parts of the world
that need it. As far as it goes, it is a wonderful civilization,
and the made-over world that is coming must provide mar-
kets for all that is good in it. For that matter, the world
that was before the first of August was open enough, amply
open, to the German civilization. It was only too closed to
German sovereignty, which could not spread except by tres-
passing on premises already in hands competent to resist
trespass. German civilization was welcome almost every-
where. German sovereignty was welcome almost nowhere
outside of Germany. That it will be any more welcome after
the war does not seem at all likely, but with the fear of
German sovereignty dissipated, German civilization — mean-
ing efficiency, patience and order — may be more welcome in
the earth than ever.
Meanwhile it is all the preliminary details of the process
that interest us; the details of the fighting. That goes on
at this writing on the line of the Aisne with desperate
fervency. The Allies refuse to be beaten; so do the Ger-
mans. The butcher's bill grows and grows ; we know little
about it, and cannot think much about it yet, because of the
intensity of our concern about the issue. Clearly, the great
plan to overwhelm France by a sudden onslaught is a dead
failure. If the invaders are to possess France they will have
to earn and pay for every yard of it. But there is no pros-
pect that they will possess it. The Germans on the Aisne
are fighting for dear life, and all the time the rapping on
the back doors of Berlin grows louder, and winter is coming
on. Terrible stories come and persist about German atroci-
ties in Belgium, including outrage and mutilation of women.
A letter published in the Sun, written to Harold M. Sewall,
of Bath, Maine, is explicit and convincing as to this latter
Will contain "An Analysis of German Atrocities, Ger-
man Kultur and Saladin's Life of Martin Luther."
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